Vol 5, No 1 (2022)

In essence, the relationship between geography and cartography is fundamental to the study, representation, and management of land use. Researchers provide the conceptual and empirical foundations for understanding the spatial distribution and dynamics of land use, and translate this knowledge into powerful visual tools that support a wide range of decision-making processes related to the built and natural environments. The latest issue includes studies that explore the use of geographic information systems (GIS) and related spatial technologies for assessing, monitoring, and mapping various aspects of land use. These studies underscore the central role that geographic information systems and related spatial technologies play in enhancing our understanding, monitoring, and management of land use and related land-based phenomena.

Table of Contents

Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1410
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by Xinghai Dang, Yajie Sun
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    359 Views
Abstract One of the core problems in soil erosion research is the estimation of soil erosion. It is a feasible method and technical approach to estimate soil erosion in Loess Plateau region by using USLE model, GIS and RS technology and using DEM data, meteorological data and land-use type data. With the support of GIS and RS technology, the USLE factors and soil erosion in Loess Plateau region were estimated, and the soil erosion intensity was classified according to the Chinese soil erosion intensity classification standard. The results can provide reference for the development of soil erosion control measures in the Loess Plateau.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1411
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by Guo Yu, Mowen Xie, Yong Li
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    299 Views
Abstract Through the combination of the geographic information systems (GIS) and the integrated information model, the stability of regional bank slope was comprehensively evaluated. First , a regional bank slope stability evaluation index system was established through studying seven selected factors ( slope grade , slope direction , mountain shadow , elevation , stratigraphic lithology , geological structure and river action ) that have an impact on the stability of the slope. Then, each factor was rasterized by GIS. According to the integrated information model, the evaluation index distribution map based on rasterized factors was obtained to evaluate the stability of the regional bank slope. Through the analysis of an actual project , it was concluded that the geological structure and stratigraphic lithology have a significant impact on the evaluation results. Most of the research areas were in the relatively low stable areas. The low and the relatively low stable areas accounted for 15.2% and 51.5% of the total study area respectively. The accuracy of slope evaluation results in the study area reached 95.41%.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1413
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by Guangdi Ma, Weichen Yang
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    321 Views
Abstract Aiming at the current problems of poor dynamic reconstruction of UAV aerial remote sensing images and low image clarity, the dynamic reconstruction method of UAV aerial remote sensing images based on compression perception is proposed. Construct a quality reduction model for UAV aerial remote sensing images, obtain image feature information, and further noise reduction preprocessing of UAV aerial remote sensing images to better improve the resolution, spectral and multi-temporal trends of UAV aerial remote sensing images, and effectively solve the problems of resource waste such as large amount of sampled data, long sampling time and large amount of data transmission and storage. Maximize the UAV aerial remote sensing images sampling rate, reduce the complexity of dynamic reconstruction of UAV aerial remote sensing images, and effectively obtain the research requirements of high-quality image reconstruction. The experimental results show that the proposed dynamic reconstruction method of UAV aerial remote sensing images based on compressed sensing is correct and effective, which is better than the current mainstream methods.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1414
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by Quanke Ning, Shicheng Xie, Chen Zhong, Dan Yu, Xiaoman Tai
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    317 Views
Abstract Based on Landsat–7ETM + images of 2007 and 2012 and Landsat–8 images of 2018, this study took Fuyang City, Anhui Province (Yingzhou District, Yingdong District, Yingquan District) as the research object, and made a quantitative analysis of land use/cover change in Fuyang City from 2007 to 2018 with the Environment for Visualizing Images (ENVI) software. According to the data of land use types in three phases, the article analyzes the development trend of various land use types and the main reasons for the changes of land use, which provides a certain basis for the urban planning and environmental construction of Fuyang City. The results show that with the rapid economic development and continuous improvement of the urbanization level in Fuyang City during 11 years, the area of various land types in the study area has changed greatly. The area of construction land area changed by 448.27 km 2 , with an increase of 543.57%; the area of arable land changed by 597.52 km 2 , with a decrease of 34.74%; the area of bare land changed by 26.00 km 2 , with a decrease of 80.68%. The changes were closely related to the rapid economic and social development in the study area. Under the influence of environmental protection policies and environmental awareness, the area of forest land changed by 85.00 km 2 , with an increase of 97.58%; the water area changed by 84.35 km 2 , with an increase of 201.39%.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1444
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by Yi Jiang, Zhongyou Liu, Xiuchun Dong, Guoye Ren, Zongnan Li
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    292 Views
Abstract Objective: to achieve accurately and rapidly the mapping of agricultural land use and crop distribution at the township scale. Methods: this study, based on specific methods, such as, time-series remote sensing index threshold classification and maximum likelihood, classifies each land use type and extracts crop spatial information, under the guidance of Sentinel-2A remote sensing images, to carry out agricultural land use mapping at township scale. And the mapping concerned will be verified by comparing with an agricultural spatial information map of a 0.5 m resolution, which is based on WorldVieW-2 fused images. Results: (1) the area accuracy of grain and oil crop land, vegetable land, agricultural facilities land and garden land is fairly good, with 92.93%, 98.98%, 95.71% and 95.14% respectively, and within 8% variation from actual area; (2) the spatial information of plot boundary, farmland road network, and canal network produced by OSM road data and historical high-resolution images was overlayed with the classification results of Sentinel-2A multi-spectral image for mapping, which can improve the accuracy of plot boundary information of classification results for the image with 10 m resolution. Conclusions: the use of multi-source information fusion method, agricultural land use and crop distribution space big data produced by Sentinel-2A optical image, can effectively improve the accuracy and timeliness of land use mapping at the township scale, to provide technical reference for the application of remote sensing big data to carry out agricultural landscape analysis at the township scale, optimization and adjustment of agricultural structure, etc.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1485
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by Roman S. Chalov, Alexey V. Chernov, Nadezhda M. Mikhailova
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    289 Views
Abstract The danger of riverbed processes is considered. Their speed varies from the first few months of the flood to the most dynamic process in nature. It happened in front of people. This may make life on the river bank and the utilization of river resources more difficult. This paper introduces the causes and consequences of the danger performance of riverbed processes, and focuses on the mapping methods of the danger assessment of riverbed processes: determining the danger degree of riverbed processes and different methods of displaying it on the map. An example of displaying danger on the previously drawn map is given, and the distribution of different types and expression degrees of dangerous riverbed processes under various natural conditions in Russia is briefly analyzed.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1662
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by Chuandong Yang
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    209 Views
Abstract To deal with problems of traditional geographic information collection, such as low real-time, poor authenticity of the data, and unclear description of detailed areas, a design scheme of remote sensing-based geographic information system is proposed. The system mainly consists of information collection, imaging processing, data storage management, scene control and data transmission module. By use of remote sensing technology, the reflected and radiated electromagnetic waves of the target area are collected from a long distance to form an image, and the hue–intensity–saturation (HIS) transformation method is used to enhance the image definition. Weighted fusion algorithm is adopted to process the details of the image. The spatial database stores and manages the text and image data respectively, and establishes the attribute self-correlation mechanism to render the ground objects in the picture with SketchUp software. Finally, using RS422 protocol to transmit information can achieve the effect of multi-purpose, and enhance the anti-interference of the system. The experimental results show that the practical experience of the proposed system is excellent, the geographic information image presented is clear, and the edge details are clearly visible, which can provide users with effective geographic information data.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1663
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by Yue Wang, Tao Wang
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    239 Views
Abstract Taking the geographic information industry as the research object, using the authorized invention patent data, this paper puts forward the research method of industrial innovation chain structure based on the geographic information industry chain. Then, from the perspective of overall structure and specific regional structure, the development status of the innovation chain is quantitatively evaluated, which is helpful to all countries in the world. The structural integrity and leading links of the innovation chain especially in China, the United States and Japan are compared and analyzed. The results show that: (1) from the perspective of the overall structure, the global innovation chain presents an “inverted triangle” structure due to the weak innovation ability of downstream links. From the perspective of specific regional structure, the innovation chain of geographic information industry in most countries and regions is incomplete, and there are broken links or isolated links. The global innovation chain except China has cracks between the upstream and downstream due to the relative weakness of the midstream links, showing “hourglass-shaped” structure with a wide upper part, narrow lower part and narrow middle part. (2) Relatively speaking, China’s industrial innovation chain is relatively complete, and the midstream link has significant comparative advantages in the global market. However, the industry university research cooperation in the innovation chain is weak, the degree of marketization is low, and the technological competitiveness lags behind that of the United States.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1666
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by Manuel Ramírez Núñez, EA Mora Vargas
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    175 Views
Abstract This article presents a methodology to perform quality analysis on the cadastral map, based on the tools provided by open (public or free) license geographic information systems (GIS). The errors presented in the cadastral map have a direct impact on the information systems, which can lead to erroneous decisions and to an increase in the costs of maintenance and updating of spatial data. The methodology developed was used and tested by Costa Rica’s Cadastre and Registry Regularization Program; as a product of this program, a continuous cadastral map has been created for Costa Rica, on which cadastral and registry transactions will be processed within the National Registry of Costa Rica. The methodology allows detecting, locating and classifying errors in the cadastral map for easily correcting, so that this map correctly represents the reality of the properties that conform it
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1679
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by Ciro Radicelli García, Margarita Pomboza Floril, Patricio Villacrés Cevallos, Elba Bodero Poveda
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    334 Views
Abstract This article presents a bibliographic review on the evolution of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their integration in the social sciences, which is important because the interrelation of these areas contributes to the knowledge of the people. In this sense, the objective was to contribute to the university academic knowledge, through the compilation, classification, analysis and synthesis of scientific works according to the subject treated. For this purpose, the historical, synthetic, dialectical, and analytical methods were used, with a descriptive and documentary type of research, obtaining as a result that the GIS are very useful in different fields of social sciences, ranging from archeology to sociology, including specific topics such as economics and criminology.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1762
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by José Fernando Aceves Quesada, Legorreta Paulín Gabrie, José Lugo Hubp, Juan Umaña Romero, Héctor Alfredo Legorreta Cuevas
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    259 Views
Abstract With the purpose of strengthening the knowledge and prevention of landslide disasters, this work develops a methodology that integrates geomorphological mapping with the elaboration of landslide susceptibility maps using geographic information systems (GIS) and the multiple logistic regression method (MLR). In Mexico, some isolated works have been carried out with GIS to evaluate slope stability. However, to date, no practical and standardized method has been developed to integrate geomorphological maps with landslide inventories using GIS. This paper shows the analysis carried out to develop a multitemporal landslide inventory together with the morphometric analysis and mapping technique for the El Estado River basin where, selected as the study area, is located on the southwestern slope of the Citlaltepetl or Pico de Orizaba volcano. The geological and geomorphological factors in combination with the high seasonal precipitation, the high degree of weathering and the steep slopes predispose its surfaces to landslides. To assess landslide susceptibility, a landslide inventory map was prepared using aerial photographs, followed by geomorphometric mapping (altimetry, slopes and geomorphology) and field work. With this information, landslide susceptibility was modeled using multiple logistic regression (MLR) within a GIS platform and the landslide susceptibility map was obtained.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1766
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by Florencia Cecilia Trabichet
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    173 Views
Abstract Land suitability analysis using geographic information systems (GIS) is one of the most widely used method today. In this type of studies, GIS and geo-spatial statistical tools are used to evaluate land units and present the results in suitability maps. The present work aims to characterize the suitability of soils in the province of Catamarca for pecan nut production according to the variables: rockiness, salinity, risk of water-logging, depth, texture and drainage described in the Soil Map of Argentina at a scale of 1:500,000 published by the National Institute of Agricultural Technology. A classification of the suitability of the soil cartographic units was made according to crop requirements, applying the methodology proposed by FAO. The standardization of variables made by omega score and the calculation of the spatial classification score were carried out as a result of the synthesis of the spatial distribution of soil suitability. The applied methodology allowed obtaining the soil suitability map resulting in a total of 60,662 km 2 suitable for pecan nut production, which accounts for 59.8% of the total area of the province.
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Open Access
Review
Article ID: 1664
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by Gustavo Andrés Romero Duque, Jairo Acero Calderón, Marcela Jaimes Becerra
J. Geogr. Cartogr. 2022 , 5(1);    228 Views
Abstract Context: Noise in the work environment, in all types of productive activities, represents a hazard and has not really been valued in its real dimension. Little has been seen that stakeholders have determined the urgency of managing noise control programs. Therefore, losses resulting from medical treatment and absenteeism, represented in health care and social services, result in hidden work-related costs that directly affect the gross domestic product in any country. Method: This article compiles different case studies from around the world. The studies were divided for review into general studies on the effects of workforce noise and then particularized according to the effects of industrial noise on workers’ health. At a control level, the assessment and measurement of noise is defined through the use of tools such as noise maps and their respective derivations, in addition to spatial databases. Results: According to the collection of information and its analysis, we observe that in the medium term, the economies will be diminished in an important percentage due to the consequences generated by the exposure to noise. Specific information can be found in the development of the article. Conclusions: The data provided by the case studies point to the need for Colombia, a country that is no stranger to this phenomenon, and which additionally has the great disadvantage of not having significant studies in the field of noise analysis, should strengthen studies based on spatial data as a mechanism for measurement and control. Financing: Fundación universitaria Los Libertadores
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