Vol 7, No 1 (Published)

Table of Contents

Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1958
PDF
by Pavla Srbová, Mária Režňáková, Andrea Tomášková
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    1288 Views
Abstract Promoting the idea of socially responsible business is an undeniably important topic that resonates in both theory and practice. Its influence on business performance has been theoretically substantiated and has been confirmed in many empirical studies, though this has been based on research conducted in large companies. It is only recently that studies connecting the principles of CSR and the business activities of SMEs or family businesses that make up a decisive proportion of SMEs have appeared. This article is devoted to research into the implementation of the principles of CSR in family businesses and their economic performance. The research was conducted on the basis of data obtained both from a questionnaire survey among owners of family businesses and from accounting data. The attitudes of owners of family businesses towards activities typical of CSR were proven to be reflected in the economic results of the companies in a sample of Czech family MSMEs. Our research proved that family businesses that support work-life balance and good relations with employees achieve better performance, namely higher profitability and lower indebtedness. These results confirm the positive impact of CSR principles on longterm sustainability of family businesses and their importance to the country’s overall economy.
show more
Open Access
Article
Article ID: 2020
PDF
by Diego Norena-Chavez, Eleftherios Thalassinos
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    727 Views
Abstract This study uses dynamic capability theory and a resource-based view to examine whether intellectual capital (human, relational, and structural capital) mediates entrepreneurial leadership and innovation success. Drawing on data from 422 senior-level employees working in Peruvian I.T. companies, the proposed relationships were analyzed using SmartPLS 4. Entrepreneurial leadership was found to foster employees’ innovative performance through the mediating role of human capital, relational capital, and structural capital. Practically, businesses often rely on innovation for survival and growth, so they should consider entrepreneurial leadership to create intellectual capital (human capital, relational capital and structural capital) for innovation performance. Businesses should provide entrepreneurial training that emphasizes role modeling intellectual capital and encourages employees to recognize and pursue entrepreneurial opportunities. With significantly limited research, the study contributes by investigating the interrelationship of entrepreneurial leadership, intellectual capital, and innovation performance. The study contributes to the Resource Based View and Dynamic Capability Theory by demonstrating how entrepreneurial leadership contributes to innovation performance through human capital, relational capital, and structural capital.
show more
Open Access
Article
Article ID: 2127
PDF
by John Wiredu, Qian Yang, Shadi Saljoughipour, Esangbedo Caroline Olufunke, Agyemang Kwasi Sampene, Robert Brenya
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    670 Views
Abstract Businesses are essential in nations’ economic development, green practice, and environmental performance, particularly in emerging countries. Such economic development needs environmental-friendly business practices to attain higher environmental performance goals of businesses. Nevertheless, a plethora of studies centered on the direct effects of environmental management initiatives (EMI) and green innovation practices (GIP) on environmental performance (EP). Still, the direct and indirect impacts of green human resource practices (GHRPs), green transformational leadership (GTL), and other constructs were ignored. This study analyzes the direct and indirect relationships of GHRPs, EMI, and GIP toward improving EP. In addition, the study examines the moderation role of GTL between GHRPs and EP under the theoretical framework of ability, motivation, and opportunity (AMO) theory. Empirically, this present study utilized a survey method to assemble data from 535 business entities in South Africa. The analysis showed that GHRPs directly and significantly influenced EMI, GIP, and EP. EMI and GIP also directly and significantly influenced EP. Finally, GTL significantly affects the interplay between GHRPs and EP. This study’s results provide a managerial and theoretical contribution to how GHRPs, EMI, GIP, and GTL facilitate a corporate EP. The present paper enriches the theory of AMO by incorporating new variables such as GHRPs, GTL, EMI, and GIP, towards enhancing EP. Also, this study provides fresh insight into the impact of the mediation role of EMI between GHRPs and EP, mediation role of GIP between GHRPs and EP, thereby contributing to extant literature. The study emphasizes the need for businesses and managers to apply green human resource policies to make employees more committed to environmental sustainability, promoting EP in the long term.
show more
Open Access
Article
Article ID: 2181
PDF
by Yan Wang, Yinyin Xu
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    678 Views
Abstract Strategic and collective efforts are needed from both the creditors and borrowing countries facing the looming debt crisis, with a full understanding of what are good debts and what are bad debts depending on how they are used. The current narrative on debt sustainability often ignores the issue of what a government owns (assets) versus what a government owes (liabilities). While conventional approaches largely focus on the liability side, the kinds of assets a country tries to build are vital to economic development and debt sustainability. This paper proposed a new narrative on debt sustainability and thoughts on infrastructure financing under the circumstance of debt restructuring. The empirical part of the study presented both the conventional and a novel method to investigate the role of completed infrastructure projects, co-financed and jointly built by China and African countries, focusing on whether and to what extent they have addressed infrastructure bottlenecks. Both methods validate the hypothesis that China-financed and completed projects match the host country’s most backward sectors and address their development bottlenecks. These completed projects form a part of a country’s public operational assets that generate essential social services, jobs, government revenues, exports and growth.
show more
Open Access
Article
Article ID: 2067
PDF
by Fanbo Li, Hongfeng Zhang, Xiaoyu Wei
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    463 Views
Abstract With the increasing call for sustainable development, cities’ demand for green innovation has also been growing. However, relatively little research summarizes the influencing factors of urban green innovation. In this study, we conducted a visual analysis of 1193 research articles on green innovation in cities from the Web of Science core database using bibliometrics and visualization analysis. By analyzing co-occurrence, co-citation, and high-frequency keywords in the literature, we explored the current research status and development trends of influencing factors of urban green innovation and summarized the research in this field. The study found that collaboration among authors and institutions in this field needs to be strengthened to a certain extent. In addition, the study identified the research hotspots and frontiers in the field of urban green innovation, including “management”, “diffusion”, “smart city”, “indicator”, “sustainable city”, “governance”, and “environmental regulation”. Among them, “management”, “governance”, “indicator”, and “internet” are the research frontiers in this field, which are expected to have profound impacts on the future development of urban green innovation. The co-citation analysis results found that China has the highest research output in this field, followed by the United States, England, Australia, and Italy. In conclusion, this study uses CiteSpace software to identify important influencing factors and development trends of urban green innovation. Urban green innovation has gradually become a norm for social and collective behavior in the process of concretization, interdisciplinary development, and technological innovation. These findings have important reference value for promoting research and practice of urban green innovation.
show more
Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1956
PDF
by Pahmi Amri, Achmad Nurmandi, Dyah Mutiarin
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    461 Views
Abstract Online transportation is a new type of service equipped with an internet network, and its presence in Indonesia is considered a service that disrupts the transportation sector. The government is faced with a complex policy problem to regulate online transportation. This article aims to reveal the role of policy actors in the media regarding policy issues and online transportation policy solutions. This article used qualitative analysis and the NPF policy narrative framework approach. This study found that licensing issues and Permenhub were problems that the DIY and Riau governments shared. More specific problems in Riau Province are related to violence issues, and that in DIY are related to congestion problems. The policy solution recommended by policy actors to the media is to make regional level regulations that technically regulate online transportation according to the area conditions.
show more
Open Access
Review
Article ID: 1659
PDF
by Jay Wood, Marie Verschuer, Dean Economou, Peter Newman
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    17385 Views
Abstract This paper reviews the emerging potential of mid-tier transit, articulating how a complex set of established and new factors could contribute both to better transit outcomes and the associated urban regeneration around station precincts. The analysis is based on two structured literature reviews, supported by insights from the authors’ original research. The first provides an overview of the established and new rationale for mid-tier technologies such as the established Light Rail Transit (LRT) and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) as well as the new Trackless Tram Systems (TTS). The established role for mid-tier transit is now being given extra reasons for it to be a major focus of urban infrastructure especially due to the need for net zero cities. The second review, is a detailed consideration of established and new factors that can potentially improve patronage on mid-tier transit. The established factors of urban precinct design like stop amenities and improved accessibility and density around stations, are combined with new smart technology systems like advanced intelligent transport systems and real-time transport information for travellers, as well as new transport technologies such as micro-mobility and Mobility on Demand. Also explored are new processes with funding and development models that properly leverage land value capture, public private partnerships, and other entrepreneurial development approaches that are still largely not mainstreamed. All were found to potentially work, especially if done together, to help cities move into greater mid-tier transit.
show more
Open Access
Review
Article ID: 1709
PDF
by Prita Amalia, Ferera Ardine Jillian Naibaho, Garry Gumelar Pratama
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    720 Views
Abstract This paper aims to explain the administrative and the Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) of the Indonesian Spaceport Project in Biak, Papua, Indonesia, under the Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) scheme, particularly from the protest to fear of environmental damage and traditional rights. This paper analyzes the factors that cause the local society’s reluctance to accept the development of Indonesia’s very first commercial spaceport. This paper uses a doctrinal methodology, which examines changes in the trend of ESG in implementing PPP projects. The method used is a qualitative systematic review of national and international studies. This paper finds that the lack of legal certainty for administrative and ESG as the main factor contributing to the pitfall of the PPP project in Biak Papua. No clear Government Contracting Agency (GCA), plus the fact that the Indonesian government puts too much weight on business consideration in PPP while Papuan people need more ESG, especially considering the historical conflict in the region, has been the epicenter of the problem. Given the ESG-PPP regulatory failure of spaceport development in Biak, more focused studies using comparative study methodology are needed to propose a more robust and customized ESG in PPP regulations in a politically and historically sensitive area. The authors forward a regulatory reform to balance administration, ESG, and business considerations in PPP projects for a spaceport.
show more
Open Access
Case Report
Article ID: 1937
PDF
by Mhamed Biygautane, Omar Ahermouch
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    334 Views
Abstract The PPP scholarly work has effectively explored the material values attached to PPPs such as efficiency of services, value for money and productivity, but little attention has been paid to procedural public values. This paper aims to address this gap by exploring how Enfidha Airport in Tunisia failed to achieve both financial and procedural values that were expected from delivering the airport via the PPP route, and what coping strategies the public and private sectors deployed to ameliorate any resultant value conflicts. Based on the analysis of Enfidha Airport, it is argued that PPP projects are likely to fail to deliver financial and procedural values when the broader institutional context is not supportive of PPP arrangements, and when political and security risks are not adequately counted for during the bidding process.
show more
Open Access
Case Report
Article ID: 1936
PDF
by Mhamed Biygautane, Yasar Jarrar
J. Infras. Policy. Dev. 2023 , 7(1);    406 Views
Abstract Despite the existence of a voluminous body of literature covering the impact of infrastructure public-private partnerships (PPPs) on public value within the context of Western countries, scant attention has been paid to this topic in the Middle East. Given that the region has hosted numerous PPP projects that were implemented even without the rudimentary legal and regulatory frameworks considered essential for such projects to succeed, a study of PPPs within that region would thus be particularly useful, since an unpacking of the success factors for PPPs in the Middle East can reveal important practical insights that will advance the knowledge of PPP success factors overall. This paper, therefore, explores the rehabilitation and expansion of Jordan’s Queen Alia International Airport via the PPP route. It finds that the factors contributing to the project’s successful implementation can be categorized into those on the macro level related to political support, and the micro level factors concerned with management of daily activities involved in the partnership between the public and private sectors.
show more