Detection of urban growth in the state of Hidalgo using Landsat images

Laura Cano Salinas, Rodrigo Rodríguez Laguna, José René Valdez Lazalde, Otilio Arturo Acevedo Sandoval, Beltrán Hernández Rosa Icela

Article ID: 1764
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:133-140

VIEWS - 118 (Abstract) 62 (PDF)


The detection of urban expansion through digital processing of satellite images provides valuable information for understanding the dynamics of land use change and its spatial relationship with environmental factors. In order to apply or generate effective land-use planning policies, it is essential to have a historical record of the regional distribution of human settlements, an element that is practically non-existent in our country. For this reason, this text aims to determine the urban growth rate during the period 2000–2014 in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico, and to identify potential expansion zones from Landsat images. Six Landsat scenes were used for the spatial analysis of the state urban coverage and their relationship with the road influence area was evaluated. Two maps were obtained as cartographic products: one of urban coverage distribution and another of the municipalities with the greatest expansion, whose areas are located in the Valle del Mezquital region. However, Mineral de la Reforma, Tetepango, Tizayuca and Pachuca de Soto stand out for their growth rates during the study period: 183.44%, 102%, 94% and 68.5%, respectively. In total, the state urban area in-creased 72.3 km2 from 2000 to 2014 with an average growth rate of 1.8% per year. Such growth was associated with the areas of influence of important road infrastructure, such as the Libramiento Arco Norte in Hidalgo. Therefore, the Mezquital Valley and the Mexico Basin are considered as potential regions for urban expansion in the state.


Urban Expansion; Territorial Planning; Road Infrastructure; Remote Sensing; Hidalgo

Full Text:



Thorp S, Rivers R, Pebbles V. Impacts of changing land use. Michigan: EE.UU; 1997.

Michelsen O. Assessment of land use impact on biodiversity. Proposal of a new methodology exemplified with forestry operations in Norway. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 2007; 13(1): 22–31.

Arriaga L. Implications of land use change in the biodiversity of xeric scrublands: A multiscale approach (in Spanish). Investigación Ambiental 2009; 1(1): 6–16.

Flores S, Bournazou E, Soto E. Planning program for the metropolitan area of the valley of Mexico (in Spanish). México: Síntesis Ejecutiva; 2012.

Mas JF, Velázquez A, Couturier S. The evaluation of land cover/use changes in the Mexican Republic (in Spanish). Investigación Ambiental Ciencia y Política Pública 2009; 1(1): 23–39.

NASA. Landsat’s critical role in urban planning: Hot times in the city. Michigan: EE.UU; 2010.

Hansen MC, Loveland TR. A review of large area monitoring of land cover change using Landsat data. Remote Sensing of Environment 2012; 122: 66–74.

FAO. Global forest resources assessment: National report Mexico (in Spanish). Roma: FAO; 2010.

SEMARNAT. Report on the situation of the environment in Mexico (in Spanish). México: SEMARNAT; 2012.

Servicio Geológico Mexicano (SGM). Mining overview of the state of Hidalgo (in Spanish). México: Coordinación General de Minería; 2011.

INEGI. Hidalgo Statistical Yearbook. México: INEGI; 2012.

Santos C, Escamilla I, Guarneros L. Urban expansion north of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area: A triangle of environmental deterioration without the possibility of sustainable development (in Spanish)? La política de ordenamiento territorial en México: de la teoría a la práctica. México: Instituto de Geografía, UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental, Secretaría de Medio Ambi-ente y Recursos Naturales, Instituto Nacional de Ecología y Cambio Climático; 2010.

Jensen JR. Introductory digital image processing: A remote sensing perspective. 3rd edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.; 2005. p. 337–406.

INEGI. Population and housing census 2010 (in Spanish). México; INEGI; 2010.

Chander G, Markham B, Helder D. Summary of current calibration coefficients for Landsat MSS, TM, ETM+ and EO-1 ALI sensors. Remote Sensing of Environment 2009; 113(5): 893–903.

Couturier S, Ricárdez M, Osorno J, et al. Morpho-spatial extraction of urban nuclei in diffusely urbanized metropolitan areas. Landscape and Urban Planning 2011; 101(4): 338–348.

López VH, Plata W. Analysis of changes in land cover derived from urban expansion in the metropolitan area of Mexico City, 1990–2000. Investigaciones Geográficas 2009; 68: 85–101.

Bazant J. Uncontrolled urban expansion and paradigms of urban planning (in Spanish). Espacio Abierto 2010; 19(3): 475–503.

Secretaría de Desarrollo Social y Consejo Nacional de Población. Catálogo Sistema Urbano Nacional 2012. México: Consejo Nacional de Población.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.