Detection of urban growth in the state of Hidalgo using Landsat images

Laura Cano Salinas, Rodrigo Rodríguez Laguna, José René Valdez Lazalde, Otilio Arturo Acevedo Sandoval, Beltrán Hernández Rosa Icela

Article ID: 1764
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:133-140

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Abstract


The detection of urban expansion through digital processing of satellite images provides valuable information for understanding the dynamics of land use change and its spatial relationship with environmental factors. In order to apply or generate effective land-use planning policies, it is essential to have a historical record of the regional distribution of human settlements, an element that is practically non-existent in our country. For this reason, this text aims to determine the urban growth rate during the period 2000–2014 in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico, and to identify potential expansion zones from Landsat images. Six Landsat scenes were used for the spatial analysis of the state urban coverage and their relationship with the road influence area was evaluated. Two maps were obtained as cartographic products: one of urban coverage distribution and another of the municipalities with the greatest expansion, whose areas are located in the Valle del Mezquital region. However, Mineral de la Reforma, Tetepango, Tizayuca and Pachuca de Soto stand out for their growth rates during the study period: 183.44%, 102%, 94% and 68.5%, respectively. In total, the state urban area in-creased 72.3 km2 from 2000 to 2014 with an average growth rate of 1.8% per year. Such growth was associated with the areas of influence of important road infrastructure, such as the Libramiento Arco Norte in Hidalgo. Therefore, the Mezquital Valley and the Mexico Basin are considered as potential regions for urban expansion in the state.


Keywords


Urban Expansion; Territorial Planning; Road Infrastructure; Remote Sensing; Hidalgo

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jgc.v5i2.1764

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