Lead concentration in dust fall in Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Iran

Sara Abdollahi, Akram Karimi, Meysam Madadi, Saeid Eslamian, Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari, Vijay P. Singh

Article ID: 601
Vol 4, Issue 2, 2021, Article identifier:21-26

VIEWS - 283 (Abstract) 93 (PDF)

Abstract


Dust is one of the atmospheric pollutants that have adverse environmental effects and consequences. Dust fall contains particles of 100 microns or even smaller ones, which fall from the atmosphere onto the earth surface. The aim of this study is to determine the concentration of lead in dust fall samples in order to study the pollution level of this element in Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Iran. Therefore, sampling was carried out using 30 marble dust collectors (MDCO) for 3 months in the spring of 2015 to investigate the quantitative variation and spatial analysis of lead content in dust fall. These dust collectors were placed at 30 stations on the building roofs with a height of approximately 1.5 meters across the city. According to the results, the mean lead concentration in the spring was 90.16 mg/kg. In addition, the zoning map of lead content shows that the lowest level of lead was measured at Imam Khomeini station while the highest amount of lead appeared in Mostafa Khomeini station.


Keywords


Dust Fall; Lead Content; Pollution; Zahedan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Joshi UM, Vijayaraghavan K, Balasubramanian R. Elemental composition of urban street dusts and their dissolution characteristics in various aqueous media. Chemosphere 2009; 77(4): 526–533.

Wu S, Zhou S, Li X, et al. An approach to partition the anthropogenic and natural components of heavy metal accumulations in roadside agricultural soil. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 2011; 173: 871–881.

Akbari A, Azimzadeh HR, Ekhtesasi, MR. Quantitative examination of dust falls (Case study: Behbahan — September and October, 2011). 1st National Conference on the Desert; 2012.

Raeispour K. Statistical analysis and isometropia of dust in Khuzestan Province (MSc thesis). University of Sistan and Baluchestan; 2008. p. 189.

Sow M, Goossens D, Rajot JL. Calibration of the MDCO dust collector and of four versions of the inverted frisbee dust deposition sampler. Geomorphology 2006; 82(3-4): 360–375.

Jia Q, Huang Y. Coarse dust around mining areas: A study of available dust collectors and their efficiency. Lule Tekniska Universitet; 2008.

Goossens D, Offer ZY. An evaluation of the efficiency of some eolian dust collectors. Soil Technology 1994; 7: 25–35.

Salamatan S. Quantitative variations of dust fall and some of its physical and chemical properties from January 2012 to June 2013 (Case study: Isfahan City) (MSc thesis). Yazd University; 2013. p. 3–4.

Azizi G, Shamsipour A, Miri M, et al. Statistic and synoptic analysis of dust phenomena in West of Iran. Journal of Environmental Studies 2012; 38(63): 123–134.

Alijani B. Climate of Iran (in Persian). Tehran: Payame Nour University Press; 2006.

Gossens D, Rajort JL. Techniques to measure the dry aeolian deposition of dust in arid and semi-arid landscapes: A comparative study in West Niger. Erath Surface Processes and Landforms 2008; 33(2): 178–195.

Soltani, Bahram, Mabani, et al. The basics of urban green space architecture; Did Press; 2005.

Hai C, Yuan C, Liu G, et al. Research on the components of dust fall in Hohhot in comparison with surface soil components in different lands of Inner Mongolia Plateau. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 2008; 190: 27–34.

Csavina J, Field J, Taylor MP, et al. A review on the importance of metals and metalloids in atmospheric dust and aerosol from mining operations. Science of the Total Environment 2012; 433: 58–73.

Rodrıguez I, Galí S, Marcos C. Atmospheric inorganic aerosol of a non-industrial city in the centre of an industrial region of the North of Spain, and its possible influence on the climate on a regional scale. Environmental Geology 2009; 56(8): 1551–1561.

Jorkesh S, Salehi M, Hassan E, et al. Concentration of some heavy metals in atmospheric dust in the Lenjanat district of Isfahan. National Conference on Air Flow and Pollution. Tehran; November 2012.

Sharrett AR, Orheim RM, Carter AP, et al. Components of variation in lead, cadmium, copper, and zinc concentration in home drinking water: The seattle study of trace metal exposure. Environmental Research 1982; 28(2): 476–498.

Hosseini E, Azimzadeh, Hamid Reza, et al. Lead concentration in the dust fall in Yazd City. 3rd national conference on wind erosion anddust storms. January 2013; Yazd: Yazd University.

Moayedi, Mohajerani, Hamidreza, et al. Coexistence of blood lead levels in residents of Arak city with clinical syndromes. Journal of the Faculty of Medicine 2008; 32(1): 75–79.

Saeedi M, Lily, Salmanzadeh M. Heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Pollution and ecological risk assessment in street dust of Tehran. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2012; 227-228: 9–17.

Wei B, Jiang F, Li X, et al. Heavy metal induced ecological risk in the city of Urumqi, NW China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 2008; 160: 33–45.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jgc.v4i2.601

Refbacks



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.