The systemic approach to risk analysis in geography

Noelia Principi

Article ID: 1761
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:120-125

VIEWS - 71 (Abstract) 41 (PDF)

Abstract


This paper presents a brief review of risk studies in Geography since the beginning of the 20th century, from approaches focused on physical-natural components or social aspects, to perspectives that incorporate a systemic approach seeking to understand and explain risk issues at a spatial level. The systemic approach considers principles of interaction between multiple variables and a dynamic organization of processes, as part of a new formulation of the scientific vision of the world. From this perspective, the Complex Systems Theory (CST) is presented as the appropriate conceptual-analytical framework for risk studies in Geography. Finally, the analysis and geographic information integration capabilities of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) based on spatial analysis are explained, which position it as a fundamental conceptual and methodological tool in risk analysis from a systemic approach.


Keywords


Systemic Approach; Complex Systems Theory; Risk; Geography; Geographic Information Systems

Full Text:

PDF


References


Ratzel F. Anthropogeographie. Vol. I: Principles of applying geography to history (in Spanish). Stuttgart: Engelhorn; 1882.

Ratzel F. Anthropogeography. Vol. II: The geographical distribution of man (in Spanish). Stuttgart: Engelhorn; 1891.

Pérles Roselló MJ. Historical evolution of risk studies: Thematic and methodological proposals to improve risk analysis and management from a geographical perspective (in Spanish). Baética: Estudios de Historia Moderna y Contemporánea 2004; (26): 103–128.

Martínez Rubiano MT. Geographers and the theory of environmental risks and disasters (in Spanish). Perspectiva Geográfica 2009; 1(14): 241–263.

Bocco G, Urquijo PS. Environmental geography: Theoretical reflections and institutional practice (in Spanish). Región y Sociedad 2013; 25(56): 75–102.

Beck U. The Global risk society: In search of lost security (in Spanish). Barcelona: Ediciones Paidós; 2008.

Giddens, A. Modernity and self-identity: Self and society in the late modern age. California: Stanford University Press; 1991.

Ruiz Pérez M. Territorial vulnerability and post-catastrophe damage assessment: An approach from the geography of risk (in Spanish). Madrid: Universidad Complutense de Madrid; 2011.

Wilches Chaux G. Global vulnerability (in Spanish). In: Maskrey A (editor). Los Desastres no son naturales. Bogotá: La Red. Tercer Mundo Editores; 1993. p. 11–44.

White G. Natural hazards: Local, national, global. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1974.

García R. Complex systems (in Spanish). Barcelona: Gedisa; 2006.

Von Bertalanffy L. History and status of general systems theory (in Spanish). In: von Bertalanffy L, Ross Ashby W, Weinberg GM, et al. (editors). Tendencias en la teoría general de sistemas. Madrid: Alianza Editorial; 1978. p. 29–53.

Buzai GD. Geography and geographical thought: Articulation of approaches for applied re-search based on Geographic Information Systems (in Spanish). In: Moncada Maya JO, López López A (editors). México: 70 años del Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; 2015. p. 300–319.

Philipponneau M. Applied geography (in Spanish). Barcelona: Editorial Ariel; 2001.

Von Bertalanffy L. General systems theory. Almela J (translator). Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económi-ca; 1976.

Wagensberg J. Ideas on the complexity of the world (in Spanish). Barcelona: Tusquets Editores; 1994.

Buzai GD. Spatial analysis with Geographic Information Systems: Its five fundamental concepts (in Spanish). In: Buzai GD (editor). Geografía y Sistemas de Información Geográfica: Aspectos concep-tuales y aplicaciones. Luján: Universidad Nacional de Luján–GESIG; 2010. p. 163–195.

Buzai GD. Dilemmas of the Geography-GIS relationship between discipline, interdiscipline and transdiscipline (in Spanish). GeoFocus 2007; (7): 5–7.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jgc.v5i2.1761

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.