Dendroclimatic analysis and cartographic modeling of the climatic response of Fagus sylvatica during growth in a sector of the central Cantabrian Mountains

Víctor Lallana-Llorente

Article ID: 1671
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:41-57

VIEWS - 92 (Abstract) 14 (PDF)

Abstract


The wide distribution of the common beech (Fagus sylvatica) in Europe reveals its great adaptation to diverse conditions of temperature and humidity. This interesting aspect explains the context of the main objective of this work: to carry out a dendroclimatic analysis of the species Fagus sylvatica in the Polaciones valley (Cantabria), an area of transition with environmental conditions from a characteristic Atlantic type to more Mediterranean, at the southern limit of its growth. The methodology developed is based on the analysis of 25 local chronologies of growth rings sampled at different altitudes along the valley, generating a reference chronology for the study area. Subsequently, the patterns of growth and response to climatic variations are estimated through the response and correlation function, and the most significant monthly variables in the annual growth of the species are obtained. Finally, these are introduced into a Geographic Information System (GIS) where they are cartographically modeled in the altitudinal gradient through multivariate analysis, taking into account the different geographic and topographic variables that influence the zonal variability of the species response. The results of the analyses and cartographic models show which variables are most determinant in the annual growth of the species and the distribution of its climatic response according to the variables considered.


Keywords


Fagus Sylvatica; Dendrochronology; Dendroclimatology; Climate; Geographic Information Systems; R-Project; Multivariate Analysis; Mapping

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jgc.v5i2.1671

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