Research progress and prospect of coastal flood disaster risk assessment against global climate change

Jiayi Fang, Peijun Shi

Article ID: 1311
Vol 4, Issue 2, 2021, Article identifier:102-116

VIEWS - 78 (Abstract) 17 (PDF)

Abstract


The sea level rise under global climate change and coastal floods caused by extreme sea levels due to the high tide levels and storm surges have huge impacts on coastal society, economy, and natural environment. It has drawn great attention from global scientific researchers. This study examines the definitions and elements of coastal flooding in the general and narrow senses, and mainly focuses on the components of coastal flooding in the narrow sense. Based on the natural disaster system theory, the review systematically summarizes the progress of coastal flood research in China, and then discusses existing problems in present studies and provide future research directions with regard to this issue. It is proposed that future studies need to strengthen research on adapting to climate change in coastal areas, including studies on the risk of multi- hazards and uncertainties of hazard impacts under climate change, risk assessment of key exposure (critical infrastructure) in coastal hotspots, and cost-benefit analysis of adaptation and mitigation measures in coastal areas. Efforts to improve the resilience of coastal areas under climate change should be given more attention. The research community also should establish the mechanism of data sharing among disciplines to meet the needs of future risk assessments, so that coastal issues can be more comprehensively, systematically, and dynamically studied.


Keywords


Coastal Flood; Global Climate change; Storm Surge; Risk Assessment; Impact

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jgc.v4i2.1311

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