Vol 2, No 1 (2019)

Table of Contents

Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 1715
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by Gregorio Antonio Moreno Daza, Linda Beatriz Dávila Solórzano, Juan José Moreno Ortega, Franklin Emmanuel Moreno Moreno
Imaging. Radiat. Res. 2019 , 2(1);    820 Views
Abstract In the present research work, we investigated the use of the image intensifier in the extraction of radiopaque foreign bodies in traumatology. First of all, it is necessary to clarify that this method constitutes an essential component of practically generalized use, in which low current level radiation is used, that is, fluoroscopic radiation, so that it can be applied for a considerably longer time than that of the longest radiographic exposure. This tool works with a tube intended for this purpose, which is known as fluoroscopy. The radiations from the tube pass through the patient and reach the serigraph, on which the image intensifier or fluoroscopic screen is mounted. In the latter case, this is where the chain ends, since it is on this screen that the image is formed and where the physician directly observes the region to be studied. It is also necessary to define that a foreign body is any element foreign to the body that enters it, either through the skin or through any natural orifice such as the eyes, nose, throat, preventing its normal functioning. It was possible to obtain as a result that the advantages of fluoroscopic navigation are the reduction of surgical time and the amount of irradiation, which goes from about 140 seconds without navigation to only 8 seconds, which is a substantial difference. Among the conclusions, it was possible to highlight that in the case of a radiopaque object, it is essential to have an image intensifier for localization of the foreign body during surgery; while in the case of a radiolucent foreign body, it is more advisable to locate it through the clinic, since these tend to form granulomas.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 1717
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by Carlos Ubeda, Patricia Miranda, Dandaro Dalmazzo
Imaging. Radiat. Res. 2019 , 2(1);    741 Views
Abstract The optimized methodology and results of the new characterization in terms of dose and image quality of the X-ray system used in the main pediatric hemodynamics service in Chile are presented. In addition, scattered dose rate values at the operator’s eye level are reported for all acquisition modes available in different thicknesses of absorbent media and angiography. The characterization was performed according to the European DIMOND and SENTINEL protocols adapted to pediatric procedures. The air kerma at the entrance surface (ESAK) was measured and the image quality parameters signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and a figure of merit (FOM) were calculated. The scattered dose rate was measured in personal dose equivalent units. The ESAK for fluoroscopic modes ranged from 0.2 to 35.6 μGy/image when passing from 4 to 20 cm of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). For the cine mode, these values ranged from 2.8 to 160.1 μGy/image. The values of the image quality parameters showed a correct system configuration, although abnormal values were observed in the medium fluoroscopic mode. As for the scattered dose rate at the level of the cardiologist’s eyes, the highest value is PMMA with a thickness of 20 cm, where the cine mode reached 9.41 mSv·h-1. The differences found from previous evaluations can be explained by the deterioration of the system and the change of one of the X-ray tubes.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 1718
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by Changchun Li, Yanjie Wang, Chunyan Ma, Xiaoxiao Ma, Shuangting Wang
Imaging. Radiat. Res. 2019 , 2(1);    813 Views
Abstract The micro staring hyperspectral imager can simultaneously acquire two spatial and one spectral images, and only record the external orientation elements of the entire hyperspectral image rather than the external orientation elements of each frame of the image, which avoids the geometric instability during scanning, effectively solves the problem of large geometric deformation of the small line scanning hyperspectral imager, and is suitable for the small UAV load platform with unstable attitude. At present, most of the research focuses on the radio-metric correction method of line scan hyperspectral imager. The application time of staring hyperspectral imager is short, and there is no mature data processing re-search at home and abroad, which hinders the application of UAV micro staring hyperspectral imaging system. In this paper, the calibration method of the linearity and variability of the radiation response of the micro staring hyperspectral imager on the UAV is studied, and the effectiveness of this method is quantitatively evaluated. The results show that the hyperspectral image has obvious vignetting effect and strip phenomenon before the correction of radiation response variability. After the correction, the radiation response variation coefficient of pixels in different bands decreases significantly, and the vignetting effect and image strip decrease significantly. In this paper, a multi-target radiometric calibration method is proposed, and the accuracy of radiometric calibration is verified by comparing the calibrated hyperspectral image spectrum with the measured ground object spectrum of the ground spectrometer. The results show that the calibration results of the multi-target radiometric calibration method show better results, especially for the near-infrared band, and the difference with the surface reflectance measured by the spectrometer is small.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 1719
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by Xiaoyao Liu, Zhongcheng Liang, Weiqian Hao, Rui Zhao, Meimei Kong, Tao Chen, Yue Zhang
Imaging. Radiat. Res. 2019 , 2(1);    691 Views
Abstract Based on the characteristics of liquid lens sparse aperture imaging, a radiative multiplet array structure is proposed; a simplified model of sparse aperture imaging is given, and the analytical expression of the modulation transfer function is derived from the optical pupil function of the multiplet array structure; the specific distribution form of this multiplet array structure is given, and the structure parameters are approximated by the dimensionless method; the two types of radiative multiplet array structures are discussed, and the filling factor, redundancy, modulation transfer function and other characteristic parameters are calculated. The physical phenomena exhibited by the parametric scan are discussed, and the structural features and imaging characteristics of these two arrays are compared. The results show that the type-II structure with larger actual equivalent aperture and actual cutoff frequency and lower redundancy is selected when the average modulation transfer function and the IF characteristics of the modulation transfer function of the two structures are close to each other; the type-II structure has certain advantages in imaging; the conclusion is suitable for arbitrary enclosing circle size because the liquid lens-based multiplet array structure adopts dimensionless approximation parameters; compared with the composite toroidal structure, the radiative multiplet mirror structure has a larger actual cut-off frequency and actual equivalent aperture when the filling factor is the same.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 1720
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by Jianfei Chen, Li Zhu, Yuehua Li
Imaging. Radiat. Res. 2019 , 2(1);    764 Views
Abstract To address the problem that the imaging inversion method based on a single model in integrated aperture imaging is difficult to effectively correct model errors and perform accurate image reconstruction, a dual-model (DM)-based integrated aperture imaging inversion method is proposed for correcting the parametric errors of the inversion model and performing highly accurate millimeter-wave image reconstruction of the target scene. In view of the different parameter sensitivities of the Fourier transform (MFFT) model and the G-matrix (GM) model, the proposed DM method first corrects the imaging parameters with errors accurately by comparing the reconstruction errors of the two models; then recon-structs a high-precision target image based on the accurate GM model with the help of an improved regularization method. It is proved by simulation experiments that the proposed DM method can effectively correct the parameter errors of the imaging model and reconstruct the target scene with high accuracy in millimeter wave images compared with the traditional single-model imaging method.
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Open Access
Review Article
Article ID: 1714
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by Yuri Nejaim, Karla de Faria Vasconcelos, Gina D Roque-Torres, Abraham Meneses-López, Frab Norberto Bóscolo, Francisco Haiter-Neto
Imaging. Radiat. Res. 2019 , 2(1);    734 Views
Abstract Currently there is a great acceptance in medicine and dentistry that clinical practice should be “evidence-based” as much as possible. That is why multiple works have been published aimed at decreasing radiation doses in the different types of imaging modalities used in dentistry, since the greater effect of radiation, especially in children, forces us to take necessary measures to rationalize its use, especially with Cone Beam computed tomography (CBCT), the method that provides the highest doses in dentistry. This review was written using such an approach with the purpose of rationalizing the radiation dose in our patients. In order to formulate recommendations that contribute to the optimization of the use of ionizing radiation in dentistry, the SEDENTEXCT project team compiled and analyzed relevant publications in the literature, guidelines that have demonstrated their efficiency in the past, thus helping to see with different perspectives the dose received by patients, and with this, it is recommended taking into account this document so as to prescribe more adequately the complementary examinations that we use on a daily basis.
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Open Access
Review Article
Article ID: 1716
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by Emmanuel Salinas Miranda, Luisa Karen Cifuentes, Juan Gonzalo Vélez, Bibiana Andrea Pinzón
Imaging. Radiat. Res. 2019 , 2(1);    740 Views
Abstract The suspicion of mediastinal alterations, always includes in its initial study, the chest radiography. The identification of mediastinal alterations in the X-ray is a priority. The knowledge of the mediastinal references and the identification of their alterations allows the suspicion of a pathology specific to each of the mediastinal spaces. When the semiology of mediastinal lesions, their location and the three most frequent pathologies are taken into account, the possibility of having an etiological diagnosis increases [1] . This is a review article based on a detailed literature search, in which radiological mediastinal references are studied, with emphasis on the epidemiological data of each one of them.
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