Preparation of PbTiO3-CdS nanocomposite material and its microstructure and photocatalytic properties

Mingdong Xu, Wenqiang Li, Shun Liu, Tao Zhang, Simin Yin, Sen Lai

Article ID: 1409
Vol 5, Issue 1, 2022, Article identifier:19-29

VIEWS - 39 (Abstract) 24 (PDF)

Abstract


In order to explore the influence of the ferroelectric surface on the structure and properties of semiconductor oxides, the growth of CdS nanocrystals was regulated and controlled by taking single-crystal perovskite PbTiO3 nanosheets as the substrate through a simple hydrothermal method. Through composition design, a series of PbTiO3-CdS nanocomposite materials with different loading concentrations were prepared, and their microstructure and photocatalytic properties were systematically analyzed. Studies show that in the prepared product, CdS nanoparticles selectively grow on the surfaces of PbTiO3 nanosheets, and their morphology is affected by the exposed surfaces of PbTiO3 nanosheets. There is a clear interface between the PbTiO3 substrate and CdS nanoparticles. The concentration of the initial reactant and the time of hydrothermal reaction also significantly affect the crystal morphology of CdS. Photocatalysis studies have shown that the prepared PbTiO3-CdS nanocomposite material has a significant degradation effect on 10 mg/L of Rhodamine B aqueous solution. The degradation efficiency rises with the increase of CdS loading concentration. When degrading 10 mg/L Rhodamine B aqueous solution, the PbTiO3-CdS sample with a mass fraction of 3% can reach a degradation rate of 72% within 120 min.


Keywords


CdS; Single-Crystal Perovskite; PbTiO3; Nanocomposite Material; Photocatalysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/can.v5i1.1409

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