Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials (CAN) is an open access peer-reviewed journal allowing maximum visibility of articles published in it as they are available to a wide, global audience. We are interested in the scientific topics from all fields of nano. CAN provides a forum to share scholarly practice to advance the use of nanomaterials in the context of scientific application.

CAN publishes original research articles, review articles, editorials, case reports, letters, brief commentaries, perspectives, methods, etc.

 Examples of relevant topics include but are not limited to:

1. Nanoparticle composites

2. Nanoscale quantum physics

3. Modeling

4. Simulation

5. Nanotechnology and its application

6. Nanochemistry

7. Nanoscience, nano-medicine and bio-nanotechnology

8. Nanomaterials and energy applications

9. Micro-nano scale

10. Fabrication of thin film

11. Nanomaterial synthesis, characterization, and application

12. Nanotechnology and environmental protection

13. Photocatalytic degradation properties

14. Preparation of nanostructured materials



Section Policies


Scientific articles on the original basis and applied research and/or analysis.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


A summary highlighting recent developments and current/future trends in the field.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Book Review

A critical analysis of a recent publication, especially the perspective on the book’s merits or flaws with a comprehensive assessment.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Solicited concise commentary highlighting prominent topics in the Journal’s issue. These are official opinions of the editors of the Journal or a special issue of the Journal. Editorials will not undergo the peer review process.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Case Report

A summary of the execution of a collaborative research program that is directly related to the advancement of characterization and application of nanomaterials. 

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Brief Commentary

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Authors' personal opinions on a subject/topic. Unlike review articles, perspective articles may cover a more specific, narrow part of the field. However, these are still required to uphold the spirit of academia of being objective, as well as to aim to initiate or further discuss novel experimental procedures in the field. Therefore, perspective articles will undergo peer review and be indexed if accepted. Accepted articles may be solicited or unsolicited. 

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Short articles describing significant findings, cutting-edge methods or experiments, and new technologies.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Articles that present a novel argument and then interpret it with specific findings.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Articles that present authors’ opinions on recent findings in any research area, along with a constructive discussion.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

All manuscripts are subjected to a stringent double-blind peer review process. This is to uphold the high quality of papers published in this journal and ensure that the reporting of research work is truthful and precise.

  1. All submitted manuscripts are firstly handled by the Managing Editor, who will check the manuscript for plagiarism, at which stage it may be rejected if plagiarism is detected in the manuscript.
  2. After the plagiarism check is completed and results are deemed satisfactory, the Managing Editor will pass the manuscript to an Academic Editor. An academic editor will pre-check the article for the sustainability of the follow-up process, e.g., scientific innovation, consistency with the journal field, and completeness of the article. Usually, an Academic Editor refers to the Editor-in-Chief in the case of regular submissions, and Guest Editors in the case of special issue submissions. Academic Editors are not allowed to participate in any review process of those submissions that may involve a conflict of interest, and the Editorial Office will appoint an Editorial Board member with no conflict of interest as a substitute. Submissions passing the pre-check stage will be forwarded to the peer review process by the Academic Editor.
  3. A minimum of 2 independent-external reviewers will be selected according to their expertise and suitability to the subject matter of the manuscript. Reviewers should feed back their comments and recommendations (Accept, Revisions Required, Resubmit for Review or Reject) to the Academic Editor.
  4. External reviewers' reports along with a review of the Academic Editor are recommended to the Editor-in-Chief, and the Editor-in-Chief will make a final decision on the paper and the Managing Editor will inform the author of their decision, adding comments to the authors to make improvements in their research or paper.
    • If the decision is to Accept Submission (no amendments required by authors), the manuscript will be sent to the production stage.
    • If the  Editor-in-Chief suggests Revisions Required (minor revisions), authors are given a maximum of 2 weeks to revise and resubmit the article.
    • If the Editor-in-Chief suggests Resubmit for Review (major revisions), authors are given a maximum of 4 weeks to revise and resubmit the article for the second round of review.
    • If the decision is to Reject Submission, the author will be notified, and the rejected manuscript will be archived and the peer review process ends.
  5. An accepted paper will be sent for copy editing, layout editing and proofreading before publication. Correspondence between the authors and editors will be required at this stage in order to improve the language and/or look of the article. After the production stage is completed, authors are required to check the PDF file of the final version before the article is published. EnPress Publisher will register a DOI for the article after publication, and the article is immediately accessible to the public.
  6. Authors may appeal for a rejected submission. Appeal requests must be made by writing an email to editorial office of the journal with detailed reasons for the appeal and point-by-point responses to the reviewers’ remarks. Decisions on appeals are final and no further consideration will be made.

Note: Authors can recommend reviewers (relevant information should be given, e.g., name, personal link, email address, etc.). The editorial office decides whether to invite the recommended reviewers. Authors also have the right to provide an avoidance list.


Open Access Policy

Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials (CAN) is a fully open access journal. It makes research freely available to the public and supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

  • Higher visibility, availability and citations – free and unlimited accessibility of the publication over the internet without any restrictions increases citation of the article
  • Ease of Search – publications are easily searchable in search engines and indexing databases
  • Rapid Publication – accepted papers are immediately published online



Editorial Policies

Authors should read the “Author Guidelines” before making a submission, and make sure that the manuscripts were written in accordance to the style and specifications of the journal’s policy.

All manuscripts submitted to Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials are subject to rigorous peer review. Prior to peer review process, the manuscripts will be screened for acceptable English language, novelty and relevance to the Focus and Scope of the journal.

Any manuscripts submitted to Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials will be treated as confidential materials. The manuscripts will not be disclosed to anyone except individuals such as editorial staff, reviewers and editors who participate in the initial screening, review, processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication (if accepted).

A manuscript would not be considered if it has been published or is currently under consideration for publication in any other journals. In the cover letter, authors must state that neither the manuscript nor any significant part of it is under consideration for publication elsewhere or has appeared elsewhere in a manner that could be construed as a prior or duplication of the same work. The authors are required to notify the editorial team if the findings and data in their submissions have been presented in conferences.



Authorship of a scholarly paper should be limited to individuals who have contributed substantially to its intellectual content. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or general supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. All authors should hold the responsibility of fairly evaluating their respective roles and their co-authors’ roles in the project. This is to ensure that authorship is attributed according to a fixed standard in all publications for which they will be listed as authors. You are recommended to refer to the definition of authorship and contributors carefully in ICMJE, and Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT).

In order to be listed as an author for a paper, one should have contributed sufficiently in the project. A co-author is expected to have contributed to some component of the work which led to the paper, or be involved in interpretation of its results. All authors should have a say in the final approval of the version to be published, in addition to reviewing the final manuscript prior to submission.

Individuals who do not meet the above requirements, but have provided a valuable contribution to the work, may be acknowledged for their contribution as appropriate to the publication.

Changes to Authorship

The authors should carefully check the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript. The Editorial Office considers the authorship list is definitive by the time the original submission is received.

Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript is accepted for publication. The corresponding author should provide the reasons for the change in authorship list and the proof of written confirmation from all authors (including the existing authors, author(s) to be added and/or removed) agreeing with such change, to the Editorial Office.

The requests for authorship changes need to be approved by the Editorial Office before any changes can be made.


Publication Frequency

The publication frequency of Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials is semi-annual.


Conflict of Interest

Conflicts of interest may exist when professional judgements concerning a primary interest has the possibility of being influenced by a secondary interest (e.g.: financial gains). It is to be noted that even perceptions of conflicts of interest are as important as the actual conflicts of interest.

Any agreements with study sponsors (for profit or non-profit), which interfere with the authors’ access to the study data, ability to analyse or interpret the data and publish manuscripts independently according to their own decision, should be avoided by authors at all costs.

A declaration of interests for all authors should be received before an article can be reviewed and accepted for publication.

For authors:

While submitting, authors must list all competing interests relevant to this work, including but not limited to:

  • Funding sources
  • The role of sponsors in the work design, data collection, and results of the analysis.
  • Whether any of the authors serves on the Editorial Board of the journal that they are submitting their article to.


For editors and reviewers:

Editors and reviewers must declare any possible conflict of interests in connection with the manuscript, and if necessary, they must withdraw the peer review process. When Editorial Board Members publish articles in the served journal, the editorial office will actively emphasize it so that the authors know that they recuse the potential peer review process.

Common reasons for editors and reviewers to be replaced include but are not limited to:

  • The editor or reviewer works at the same organization as one of the authors.
  • The editor or reviewer is one of the authors of this work.
  • The editor or reviewer is on the avoidance list from the author(s).
  • The editor or reviewer has a financial or personal relationship with an author.


Misconduct Policy

Duplicate Submission

Manuscripts submitted to CAN should:

1) not have been published before;

2) not concurrently be submitted elsewhere.

If part of a manuscript has been published or will be published elsewhere, the authors must inform the editors in a cover letter. If duplicate submission is detected during peer review, the manuscript may be rejected. If it is detected after publication, the manuscript may be retracted.


Authors are advised to observe high standards in the aspect of publication ethics. Plagiarism is strictly unacceptable practices in CAN, including duplicate publication of the author’s work without proper citation.

Every manuscript submitted for publication is checked for plagiarism via CrossCheck (powered by iThenticate) after submission and before being sent to the editor for editorial review. Any detection of overlapping and similar texts in the manuscripts submitted will be investigated promptly and may lead to the manuscript being rejected.

Fabrication and Falsification

Fabrication involves making up data and results without any research work in fact. Falsification involves manipulating the data or analysis to match the desired results. Fabrication and falsification are both misconducts, and they can result in an unscientific record that does not reflect scientific truth. Fabrication and falsification are serious academic fraudulent behaviors, and they may have a negative impact on the authors’ affiliate, funding sponsor, and employers. EnPress Publisher will not hesitate to reject manuscripts with suspicion of academic fraud.



The language used in manuscripts submitted to Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials is English. Authors whose first language is not English may want to have their manuscripts professionally edited before the final submission to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by its prospective readers.


Publishing Ethics

EnPress Publisher requests all members involved in the journal publishing process to adhere to the Core Practices on publication ethics as stipulated by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

EnPress Publisher strictly adheres to the COPE’s Ethical Oversight Policy and monitors the entire publication process in accordance with the guidelines and best practices, which include Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals from the International Committee of Medical Journals Editors (ICMJE) and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). The publisher treats all personal information of authors as private and promises to not disclose the information to third parties except as required by law or for necessary purposes of the publishing process. EnPress Publisher promises to oversee the procedures and behavior of authors, editors, and reviewers and to ensure that all participants are without any conflicts of interest for a publication process that is fair and objective. Authors of research works involving humans must provide the ethical approval code or identifiers from the academic ethics committee, and authors should obtain the written Informed Consent Statement from the subjects about the publication’s purpose and the consequential impact. If the subjects are vulnerable, informed consent should be obtained from their guardian. For more details on EnPress Publisher’s policies regarding research works involving humans and animals, please refer to “Research Involving Humans" and "Research Involving Animals”.

The publisher’s journal editors take all possible misconducts seriously. The editors, authors, or readers can forward their concerns to the publisher if a research work may involve academic fraud, research misconduct, or publication malpractice. Concerns or complaints submitted to the publisher on possible allegations will be dealt with promptly and appropriately according to the procedure set out in the COPE flowchart on complaints. The complainant may direct all inquiries and correspondence to the publisher at editorial@enpress-publisher.com.

EnPress Publisher adopts a zero-tolerance policy concerning any academic misconducts and ethical violations in research and publication regardless of the severity of these issues. Violations include plagiarism, falsification of research, data fabrication, submitting manuscripts of others as one’s own, submission of the same manuscript to different publication venues at the same time, and breached intellectual property rights. In cases of suspected misconduct and ethical violation, a panel will be formed to investigate the allegation. If the allegation is supported by evidence, the submitted manuscript in question will be declined for consideration in the journal and all authors will be informed of the decision. A retraction initiated by authors or by the journal is required to take place if the paper has already been published, and the retraction will be made public. Authors of the work in question will receive the panel’s decision via email and all appeals regarding the decision will have to be made to the publisher via email to editorial@enpress-publisher.com within 30 days of the decision date.


Erratum, Withdrawal & Retraction Policy


All publisher-introduced changes are highlighted to authors at the proof stage and any errors are ideally identified by authors and corrected by the publisher before the final publication. For any errors in published articles discovered by readers, authors, editors, et al., please contact the journal editor.

It should be noted that errors made by editors are called erratum, and errors made by authors are called corrigendum. However, erratum and corrigendum have no influence on the research logic and the correctness of the results.

EnPress Publisher will only issue an erratum or corrigendum for a published article after receiving approval and instructions from the editor.


If authors change their mind and decide not to pursue publication of their paper with the journal, they must write a letter addressed to the journal editors, explaining the reason(s) of the submission withdrawal. Consent of all co-authors must be obtained for author-initiated submission withdrawal. The decision to withdraw a submission will eventually rest with the journal editors, including the Editor-in-Chief.

It is relatively more difficult to withdraw a paper that has been processed for peer review or is undergoing peer review compared with withdrawing a new submission because the editors and reviewers have expended much time and energy in the editorial process and manuscript evaluation, respectively. To withdraw a paper that has been processed for peer review, authors should clearly argue their case on scientific reasons; only valid and sound reasons will be accepted. Authors will also be required to pay a penalty fee (USD200). Authors are advised to keep in mind that an article should only be withdrawn if the authors detect significant errors or flaws, as it is not an acceptable practice to withdraw an article after it has been sent for peer review. Once the approval for submission withdrawal is granted, the submission will be removed from the journal’s online submission system, and a confirmation email of submission withdrawal will be sent to the authors. The withdrawal process is considered to be complete once authors receive the confirmation of withdrawal from the journal’s editorial office.

Submission withdrawal is also possible for accepted papers that have not been formally published, including newly accepted papers and articles in press.

The withdrawal of an accepted paper and article in press is usually editor-initiated. The reasons for withdrawing an accepted paper and article in press are similar to those of retracting a published article (see “Retraction”), and at this stage the article will not be arranged for article production or finalization. A panel will be organized to investigate misconduct allegations. If the allegations are proven true with supporting evidence, the accepted paper or article in press will be marked for withdrawal, and any appeals regarding the panel’s decision will have to be made to the publisher within 14 days of the decision date. In the absence of an appeal from the authors within the 14 days, the submission will be removed from the journal’s online submission system, and a confirmation email of submission withdrawal will be sent to the authors.


Readers can contact the editorial office to report allegations of possible academic misconduct, i.e., ethical violations in research and publication regardless of the severity of these issues. Misconducts and violations include plagiarism, falsification of research, data fabrication, submitting manuscripts of others as one’s own, submission of the same manuscript to different publication venues at the same time, and breached intellectual property rights. Once the suspected misconduct and ethical violation is brought to the attention of the publisher, the journal editors will organize an investigation and authors are required to cooperate in the investigation. A panel will be organized to investigate the allegations. If the allegations are proven true with supporting evidence, the published article will be marked for retraction both in HTML and PDF, and a notification email regarding the panel’s decision will be sent to all authors of the work. Any appeals regarding the panel’s decision will have to be made to the publisher within 14 days of the decision date. In the absence of an appeal from the authors within the 14 days, a confirmation email of article retraction will be sent to the authors.

Authors should note that the paid Article Processing Charges will not be refunded if their article is retracted or withdrawn on the grounds of academic misconduct and ethical violation in research and publication.




  • For authors: Once submitting a manuscript, It means that you have be aware of all publishing policies & ethics,  and will strictly abide by them.
  • For reviewers: Once accepting the request to become a reviewer, it means that you must be aware of the peer review policies, and proactively disclose of all potential conflicts of interest, and guarantee that an article will be judged fairly and objectively. 
  • For publisher: This journal  is not liable to the statements, perspectives, and opinions contained in the published articles. The appearance of advertisements in the journal shall not be construed as a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised and/or the safety thereof. This journal and the Publisher disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas or products referred to in the articles or advertisements.


Copyright and License

The authors shall retain the copyright of their work but allow the Publisher to publish, copy, distribute, and convey the work.

All articles published by the Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials are licensed under the Creative Commons International Licenses. Without any explicit request from the corresponding author during submission stage, a paper will be published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) by default (starting from Vol. 7, No. 1). The authors who would like to publish their work under a non-commercial license, i.e.  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) , they should express explicit request during submission stage. Please include statement below in the Comments for the Editor column on the submission page:

The contributors or authors for this submission entitled “[MANUSCRIPT TITLE]”, i.e. [NAMES of ALL AUTHORS], have given their consents to alter the Creative Commons license to *CC BY-NC 4.0* under which this submission will be published in Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials.



Preprint Policy

Authors are permitted to post their non-peer-reviewed original research manuscripts on community preprint servers, such as bioRxiv, medRxiv, and PeerJ Preprint, before or in parallel with the formal submission to EnPress Publisher’s journals. During submission, authors are obliged to declare in the cover letter if the corresponding preprint version of their submission has been deposited on a preprint server and provide any associated accession numbers or DOIs.

Nonetheless, authors are not allowed to post on a preprint server any versions of articles that have been revised as a result of peer review, accepted for publication, or published in the journal. A manuscript of which its corresponding preprint version has been indexed (e.g., in MEDLINE or PubMed) will not be considered.

This policy applies to original research papers only. EnPress Publisher reserves the right not to consider for publication or publish material that has been formally published in digital media that are not construed as preprint servers.

EnPress Publisher encourages a formal citation of preprints in the reference list, where appropriate.


Advertising Policy

All advertisements are subject to approval to the Publisher. Advertisements must comply with the relevant regulations in the country where the advertisements appear. Advertisements must not influence the content of each journal and the making of editorial decisions. For more inquiries, please send email to editorial@enpress-publisher.com.


Article Processing Charges (APCs)

Enpress publishes all its journals in Gold Open Access format. The scientific community and the general public have free of all restrictions on accessing (e.g., subscription) and free of many restrictions on using its contents as soon as it is published online. Enpress does not require readers to purchase any form of subscription to view online versions of the journals. In order to defray our editorial and production costs, authors of the accepted articles are required to pay the article processing charges (APCs). The charges will come from authors' institutes or research funding bodies.



Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials

US $1000

 Waiver Policy

CAN is committed to promoting the academic development in the world without any financial barrier to knowledge sharing and learning. There has developed a waiver policy especially for authors from low-income countries. Authors who are interested in applying for a waiver could contact editorial_can@enpress-publisher.com. CAN reserves the right to approve or reject a waiver application. APC waivers do not influence editorial decisions.


Indexing & Archiving

Characterization and Application of Nanomaterials is indexed, cataloged and/or included by several world-class abstracting/indexing databases:



CNKI Scholar 


Google Scholar



  • All the articles published online will be archived by Portico for long-term digital preservation.
  • Authors are encouraged to self-archive the final version of their published articles into institutional repositories (such as those listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories).
  • Authors are also encouraged to use the final PDF version published on the website of EnPress Publisher, LLC.


Ethical Oversight

EnPress Publisher strictly abides by the Ethical Oversight Policy of COPE. All the editorial process is run with the monitor of Editor-in-Chief. Any manuscript that may involve unethical possibility including but not limited to fraud, plagiarism, and multi-contribution, will not be push forward to the next stage of editorial process. The strict editorial process ensures the fairest and most objective review decision.

EnPress Publisher will strictly suspect the ethical problem followed by COPE. EiC and reviewers are experts in the disciplilne, and they will make an objective and fair decision on the moral norms and academic value of the submissions. 


Special Issue Policy

1. What is a Special Issue?

EnPress Publisher has launched the Special Issue Program. A Special Issue is a collection of research hotspots or topics in specific fields in a certain period. A group of guest editors who are experts in this discipline, has the responsibility to drive the special issue program.

Benefits of Special Issue

  • The research will be more quickly discovered and cited by researchers in the same field.
  • It is better to promote academic exchanges in this field, avoid repetition of topics, and identify the research objectives at the next step.
  • It could learn and integrate the latest achievements in a field more quickly.
  • It is better to broaden the visibility and maximize the impact of a certain field so that more experts could focus on the topic.

Benefits of being Guest Editors

  • It is helpful in expanding the popularity of guest editors.
  • It is faster to initiate the communication with international peers in this field, and establish co-operatives ties with them.
  • It helps to learn the latest research.
  • Guest Editors could publish one article without any APCs in this journal as your privilege.
2. How to drive a Special Issue?

There are two ways to obtain a special issue proposal.

  • Assistant Editor will invite experts in hot fields as guest editors to submit a professional proposal.
  • Readers or authors could submit proposals to editorial office of the journal website, and EiC or senior editors will evaluate them for the viability and suitability for this journal.

Preparation for a proposal

A great topic is the vital element for success. Any candidate topic will be selected by EiC or senior editors for considering whether it is consistent with the scope of this journal. A good proposal topic has significant interest to the most readers of this journal. Hot topics during some period are usually considered to be more attractive.

A proposal should include necessary information:

  • The group of Guest Editors
  • Types of manuscript
  • Main topics
  • Submission deadline
  • Keywords

3. Special Issue Ethics

EnPress Publisher abides to the Code of Conduct of COPE and Best Practice Guidelines in all the editorial process. The journal’s Editorial Policies should be followed, and any potential unethical submission will not gone to the next stage. EnPress Publisher promises to protect the confidentiality of all submissions unless the publishing needs. Any guest editor or reviewer must strictly abide by the Conflict of Interests in the journal, and they are asked to inform the Editorial Office if any potential conflict of interests exists, then the Editorial Office may consider to change the editor or reviewer. As authors, they are asked to provide a list of avoided experts. Please appeal to the editorial office for any requests related to manuscript promotion.

4. Workflow of Special Issue

The peer review process of submissions to a Special Issue strictly follows the journal's peer review process.


Research Involving Humans

If human subjects were used in the experiment, authors should identify during the submitting process the committee or organization (e.g., author’s Institutional Ethics Review Board) that approved the experiment as well as detailed ethical approval information, such as approval identifiers, i.e., reference numbers. EnPress Publisher’s journals require that authors provide proof of research ethics or ethics statement along with the submission. In the case that ethical approval identifiers are not available, written approval from the granting committee or organization must be provided as a confidential supplemental file.

The manuscript should confirm that the experiment was carried out in adherence to the ethical principles set out in the WMA Declaration of Helsinki and that informed consent was obtained from all human subjects.

For an investigation undertaken on human subjects, the manner in which written informed consent was obtained from the study participants should be stated clearly as well.

Authors should inform study participants of the purpose(s) of the publication, the possible risks and benefits as a result of the experiment, and the patient's right to withhold or withdraw consent. Consent should be obtained from parent(s) or legal guardian(s) if the study participant is a minor.

Authors are obliged to declare and clearly specify any restrictions on the availability or the use of human data in the manuscript.


Patient Anonymity and Privacy

Patient Anonymity

Human subjects have a right to privacy that should not be violated without informed consent. Identifying information or patient identifiers, including patient names, initials, date of birth, contacts, medical record numbers, hospital numbers, and geographical location, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Efforts must be made by authors to at least mask or conceal any identifying information of the patients that appear in writing or in photographs.

Authors are obliged to explain to the patient if revealing the patient’s identity cannot be fully avoided, e.g., an image of an identifiable body part, such as the face, has to be published in the report. The relevant identifying information to be published, e.g., the image, must be shown to the patient, and consent for publication must be obtained for the use of that information in the publication. If the patient has died, then consent should be obtained from the next of kin or a legal representative. Submissions that include identifying patient information without appropriate patient consent will not be considered for publication.

Please refer to ICMJE Privacy and Confidentiality guidelines for more information about patient anonymity and privacy.

Information Privacy

EnPress Publisher respects and strives to protect the privacy of its users and visitors. Hence, users and visitors are encouraged to read EnPress Publisher’s privacy policy regarding the usage and handling of user information.

(1) User information

Names and email addresses entered in all EnPress Publisher’s journal sites will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of the journals and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. For submission and peer review, users should register an account for further procedures, including but not limited to name, email, address, interests, affiliation, and postcode, as editors need the information to complete in-house processes (e.g., processing a manuscript).

When users visit the publisher's website, information about the visit is saved in web logs (e.g., device, IP address, time of visit, etc.), which are only used to help improve the structure and content of the website.

(2) User rights

Users have the right to register or update their personal information and contact the publisher to cancel/delete their account if required.

(3) Third-party link

EnPress Publisher is not responsible for private information obtained by third-party websites when users log in via a pop-up screen from third-party software installed on their computer.

When users visit third-party platforms (e.g., LinkedIn, Twitter, COPE, etc.) through hyperlinks from EnPress Publisher’s journal websites, the privacy policy follows the policies of the third-party platforms.

(4) Queries or contact

For any queries about EnPress Publisher’s privacy policy, please contact the editorial office at editorial@enpress-publisher.com.


Research Involving Animal

The procedures of research involving animals including insect and husbandry must be carried out in accordance with national and institutional regulations. For further guidance of animal experiment, authors could refer to the Code of Practice for the Housing and Care of Animals Used in Scientific ProceduresThree RsThe Scientific Basis for Regulation of Animal Care and UseEU regulations on animal research. If ethical approval has not be required by national laws, authors should provide an exemption from the ethics committee, if one is available.

EnPress endorses the ARRIVE guidelines for reporting experiments using live animals. Authors and reviewers could take The ARRIVE Essential 10: Compliance Questionnaire as a checklist. Editors reserve the right to reject submissions based on the ethics’ guidelines or ethical or animal welfare concerns.


Data and Reproducibility

EnPress Publisher complies with the Data and reproducibility of COPE, encourages the use of discipline’s standard practice and guidelines. For clinical trials, they should register in corresponding approval institute or repository. EnPress encourages authors to reposit the raw dataset in community repository if the dataset is not available as the supplementary material. Authors having reported a data repository, are encouraged to add a statement of data availability in their manuscript, which may involve the availability of the research data and potential limitations, such as human privacy or biosecurity. All the data is crucial for the replicability, transparency, and credibility of scientific findings.

Data sharing

Authors are encouraged to follow the FAIR Data Principles, which guides that all the (meta)data should be assigned a unique persistent identifier. Journal office has the right to ensure and review the credibility of the dataset, and the possibility of collaborative investigations with institutions exists to ensure the scientific credibility of this scientific research practice. EnPress Publisher strict adheres to the unpublished and published data guidelines of COPE, and the corresponding author must response each inquiry. If there is major issue on dataset, a manuscript may be rejected.

Data citation

Dataset should be cited in the manuscript/article to give creators’ credit. The original source should be listed in the reference section, such as the author(s), publishing year, repository/archive name, dataset’s DOI.

Data repository

Authors are encouraged to share your dataset in the discipline repository, and authors could find an appropriate subject dataset repository with a registered DOI from FAIRsharing.org and re3data.org.

Authors also could deposit the datasets in a general dataset repository, such as those provided by a university, sponsor of institution. Below are some examples of generalized dataset repositories: