A study on the interaction between civil business groups and the state from the perspective of public sphere theory—A comparison between the Shanghai branch of the China association and the Philippine Chinese charitable association Inc.

Wei Yao, Tingxuan Liu, Yuhong Li

Article ID: 3425
Vol 8, Issue 4, 2024

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This article attempts to use public sphere theory as a starting point to compare the behavior of the British government in protecting the interests of British business in China in the 19th century with the Chinese government’s neglect of the interests of Chinese business in the Philippines. Mill’s method of finding identities will be used. This article uses the Shanghai Branch of the China Association and the Philippine Chinese Charitable Association Inc. as representatives of civil business groups in the UK and China. For the UK, due to the public sphere of competition with the central government within the UK, civil business groups must consult with relevant civil business groups when implementing any economic foreign policy. This process promotes consensus between the British government and society to promotes the British government’s determination to maintain British business in China. However, for China, due to the absence of a public sphere where the central government interacts with society, even though Chinese civil business groups have huge interests overseas, the state and society have always been unable to form a positive interaction. At the same time, this situation also results in Chinese business in the Philippines having to rely on their abilities to maintain their local interests.


business in China; Shanghai branch of the China association; Philippine Chinese charitable association Inc.; public sphere; civil business groups

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24294/jipd.v8i4.3425


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