Assessment of the Possibilities of B-Mode Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Cervical Intervertebral Discs Hernia in Adolescents

Rizvan Ya Abdullaiev, Konul N Ibragimova, Ibragimova Tatyana A, Philipp N Gorleku, Roman R Abdullaiev


Objective: To improve the efficiency of cervical intervertebral discs hernia by determining the ultrasound biomarkers. Materials and Methods: The study included 38 healthy adolescents with normal intervertebral discs and neurologic status and 21 person with the disc hernia. Ultrasonography (USG) was performed at the level of disks C2-C3, C3-C4, C4-C5, C5-C6, C6-C7, C7-Тh1 in longitudinal and transverse projections. In axial section was performed the sagittal intervertebral disc and spinal canal sizes, the anterior dural space size, the width of spinal nerve canals. Results: In 9 (42,9±10,8% ) cases, the hernia was localized at the level of C5-C6, in 7 (33,3 ±10,3%) - C4-C5, in 2 (9,5±6,4%) - at the level of C2-C3 and C6-C7 C7, in 1 (4,8±4,7%) – at the level of C3-C4 respectively. In 13 (61,9±10,6%) cases the hernia had paramedian, in 5 (23,8±9,3%) cases – median, in 3 (14,3±7,6) cases – posterolateral localization. The paramedian hernia was significantly more frequently recorded than the posterolateral (P<0,05) and median hernia (p <0.001). Conclusions: In adolescents in the cervical spine, paramedian hernia are most commonly found, which are most often localized at the level of both C5-C6 and C4-C5. The greatest narrowing and deformation of the spinal nerve canal is observed by posterolateral and paramedian hernia, dural space – by median hernia respectively.


Cervical Intervertebral Discs Hernia, Spinal Canal, Ultrasound Diagnostics, Adolescents

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