The impact of remuneration to performance in public university in Indonesia

Leni Rohida, Ira Irawati, Oekan S. Abdoellah, Candradewini Candradewini

Article ID: 3583
Vol 8, Issue 3, 2024

VIEWS - 205 (Abstract) 170 (PDF)


The aim of this research is to explore the relationship between remuneration, job satisfaction, and employee performance. Remuneration, in this context, refer to a system synchronization that is based on performance appraisal result. In this, regard, the research employed a descriptive quantitative method, with a population comprising all University of Padjadjaran lecturers which were a total of 2,090. Furthermore, in order to gather the research sample, a probability sampling technique was employed. This technique was selected because of its reputation as the most general strategic sampling technique in quantitative research to achieve representativeness (1). The obtained result showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between the remuneration and job satisfaction of lecturers in University of Padjadjaran. Accordingly, a significant value of 0.000 < 0.05 and a t-count value of 19.330 > 1.95 was observed, meaning the H1 hypothesis in this research was accepted. It is also expedient to acknowledge that a positive and significant relationship was found between job satisfaction and the performance of the lecturers in study area. For this relationship, a significant value of 0.010 < 0.05 and a t-count value of 5.676 > 1.95 was found. These findings led to the acceptance of the H2 hypothesis proposed in this research. Similarly, the relationship between remuneration and the performance of the observed lecturers was found to be positive and significant. The observed significant value in this regard was 0.000 < 0.05 and the t-count value was 4.057 > 1.95, indicating that H3 hypothesis was also accepted. Lastly, the relationship between remuneration and employee performance mediated by job satisfaction of lecturer in University of Padjadjaran was explored, and it was found to also be positive and significant, with a significant value of 0.000 < 0.05 and a t-count value of 5.429 > 1.95. This indicated that the H4 hypothesis proposed in the research was accepted.


remuneration; job satisfaction; employee performance; achievement

Full Text:



Alwaki, M. N. (2018). An Evaluation of the Impact of Remuneration on Employee Attitude and Performance in Organizations. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(7).

Ammad, S., Alaloul, W. S., Saad, S., & Qureshi, A. H. (2021). Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) usage in Construction Projects: A Systematic Review and Smart PLS Approach. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 12(4), 3495–3507.

Anthony, A. E. (2017). Effects Of Discipline Management On Employee Performance In An Organization: The Case Of County Education Office Human Resource Department, Turkana County. International Academic Journal of Human Resource and Business Administration, 2(3), 1–18.

Arif, M., Syaifani, P. E., Siswadi, Y., & Jufrizen, J. (2020). Effect of Compensation and Discipline on Employee Performance. Proceeding UII-ICABE, 1(1 SE-Articles), 263–276.

Armstrong, M., & Taylor, S. (2020). Armstrong’s handbook of human resource management practice. Kogan Page Publishers.

Armstrong, M., & Yusron, L. (2021). Manajemen Kinerja: Handbook manajemen SDM. Nusamedia.

Aswathappa, K. (2013). Human resource management: Text and cases. McGraw-Hill.

Azabo, E. I., Gaite, S. S., Anumaka, B. I., & Wunti, Y. I. (2020). Remuneration and Discipline of Employees in Private Universities in Uganda. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(1), 438–451.

Barczak, A., Marska-Dzioba, N., Rostkowski, T., & Rozmus, D. (2021). Multiple Correspondence Analysis in the Study of Remuneration Fairness: Conclusions for Energy Companies—Case Study of Poland. Energies, 14(23), 7942.

Bernardin, H. J., & Russel, J. E. A. (1998). Human Resources management, 2 ed. Mc Graw-Hill.

Calvin, O. Y. (2017). The Impact of Remuneration on Employees’ Performance: A Study of Abdul Gusau Polytechnic, Talata-Mafara and State College of Education Maru, Zamfara State. Nigerian Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 4(2), 34–43.

Corvellec, H. (1996). Stories of Achievements-Narrative Features of Organizational Performance.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitatives and Mix Method Approaches. Sage Publications.

Davidescu, A. A., Apostu, S.-A., Paul, A., & Casuneanu, I. (2020). Work Flexibility, Job Satisfaction, and Job Performance among Romanian Employees—Implications for Sustainable Human Resource Management. Sustainability, 12(15), 6086.

Derchi, G.-B., Zoni, L., & Dossi, A. (2021). Corporate Social Responsibility Performance, Incentives, and Learning Effects. Journal of Business Ethics, 173(3), 617–641.

Dorta-Afonso, D., González-de-la-Rosa, M., García-Rodríguez, F., & Romero-Domínguez, L. (2021). Effects of High-Performance Work Systems (HPWS) on Hospitality Employees’ Outcomes through Their Organizational Commitment, Motivation, and Job Satisfaction. Sustainability, 13(6), 3226.

Emeka, N., Amaka, O., Ejim, E. P. (2015). The Effect of Employee Motivation on Organizational Performance of Selected Manufacturing Firms in Enugu State. World Journal of Management and Behavioral Studies, 3(1), 1–8.

Flippo, B. (1961). Principles of Personal Manajement. Mc. Graw. Hill Book Company. Inc. New York-Toronto-London.

Forson, J. A., Ofosu-Dwamena, E., Opoku, R. A., & Adjavon, S. E. (2021). Employee motivation and job performance: a study of basic school teachers in Ghana. Future Business Journal, 7(1), 30.

Giao, H. N. K., Vuong, B. N., & Tushar, H. (2020). The impact of social support on job-related behaviors through the mediating role of job stress and the moderating role of locus of control: Empirical evidence from the Vietnamese banking industry. Cogent Business & Management, 7(1), 1841359.

Indrawati. (2015). Management and Business Research Methods Convergence of Communication and Information Technology (Indonesian). Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Isharyanto Ciptowiyono. (2013). Praktik Welfare State di Korea dan Jepang. Available online: (accessed on 9 September 2023).

Islam, H., & Purnamasari, F. (2019). Remuneration Of Employee Performance (Work Satisfaction and Motivation as a Variable of Mediation). In: Proceedings of the The First International Conference on Islamic Development Studies 2019, ICIDS 2019; 10 September 2019. Bandar Lampung, Indonesia.

Jean, K. N., Ngui, T. K., & Robert, A. (2017). Effect of compensation strategies on employee performance: A Case Study of Mombasa Cement Limited. International Journal of Innovative Social Sciences & Humanities Research, 5(3), 25–42.

Lawler, E. E. (1991). Paying the person: A better approach to management? Human Resource Management Review, 1(2), 145–154.

Leitão, J., Pereira, D., & Gonçalves, Â. (2019). Quality of Work Life and Organizational Performance: Workers’ Feelings of Contributing, or Not, to the Organization’s Productivity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(20), 3803.

Martono, S., Khoiruddin, M., & Wulansari, N. A. (2018). Remuneration reward management system as a driven factor of employee performance. International Journal of Business & Society, 19.

Mathis, R. L., & Jackson, J. H. (2010). Human resource management. Cengage Learning.

Mitalo, R. (2019). Employee Compensation, Motivation, Perceived Equity, Supervisor Support and Performance of Academic Staff in Kenyan Chartered Public Universities. Ijcab.Org, 1(Iii), 194–203.

Neely, A., Gregory, M., & Platts, K. (2005). Performance measurement system design: A literature review and research agenda. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 25(12), 1228–1263.

Ngich, L. M. (2021). The Quality of Service of Vehicle Plate Online Registration in Cambodia: Assessment and Perspective of Online Customers. Journal of Contemporary Governance and Public Policy, 2(2), 106–121.

Othman, A. K., Mustafa, H. N., Hamzah, M. I., & Abdullah, M. Z. (2019). The Influence of Flexible Work Arrangement and Remuneration on Employees’ Job Satisfaction in Private Higher Education Institutions. Advances In Business Research International Journal, 5(1), 71.

Pawar, B. S. (2019). Employee performance and well-being: Leadership, justice, support, and workplace spirituality. Taylor & Francis.

Robbins, S. P. (1982). Personnel, the management of human resources. In (No Title). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2015). Organizational Behavior Edisi 12. United State America: Pearson.

Rod, Ales., & Soběhart, R. (2018). A Comparison of the Systems of Remuneration in the Educational Sectors of the Czech Republic, Belgium and Germany. Littera Scripta, 11(1), 170–183.

Sardjana, E., Sudarmo, S., & Suharto, D. G. (2019). The effect of remuneration, work discipline, motivation on performance. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(6), 136–150.

Sarstedt, M., & Cheah, J.-H. (2019). Partial least squares structural equation modeling using SmartPLS: a software review. Journal of Marketing Analytics, 7(3), 196–202.

Simmonds, J. S., Sonter, L. J., Watson, J. E. M., et al. (2020). Moving from biodiversity offsets to a target‐based approach for ecological compensation. Conservation Letters, 13(2).

Suwanto & Priansa, D. J. (2011). Manajemen SDM dalam organisasi Publik dan Bisnis. Alfabeta.

Sylqa, D., & Neziraj, E. (2022). Effects of Performance Appraisal on Remuneration Practices and its Impact on Motivation of Employees in Public and Private Sector Companies in Kosovo. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 13(2), 341–358.

Teddlie, C., & Yu, F. (2007). WITHDRAWN—Mixed Methods Sampling. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(1), NP1–NP1.

Thakkar, J. J. (2020). Applications of Structural Equation Modelling with AMOS 21, IBM SPSS. In Structural Equation Modelling (pp. 35–89). Springer.

Tiwari, M., & Srivastava, S. (2023). Generous Remuneration Fostering Organisation Towards Sustainability. In Multidisciplinary Approaches to Sustainable Human Development (pp. 75–96). IGI Global.

Wahyuhadi, J., Hidayah, N., & Aini, Q. (2023). Remuneration, Job Satisfaction, and Performance of Health Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic Period at the Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, Volume 16, 701–711.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Leni Rohida, Ira Irawati, Oekan S. Abdoellah, Candradewini

License URL:

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.