Assessing the role of institutional reform in enhancing Balkan sustainable competitiveness: An Entropy-MARCOS perspective

Anđelka Štilić, Adis Puška, Darko Božanić, Duško Tešić

Article ID: 2167
Vol 7, Issue 3, 2023

VIEWS - 163 (Abstract) 65 (PDF)


This research paper aims to assess the sustainable competitiveness of Balkan countries. Sustainable competitiveness was measured based on the indicators in The Sustainable Competitiveness Report from 2022, published by Solability. According to this report, sustainable competitiveness is evaluated using six grouped criteria. In this paper, the competitiveness of the Balkan countries was assessed through the application of the multicriteria analysis methods Entropy and MARCOS (Measurement Alternatives and Ranking according to the Compromise Solution). The weight of each criterion was determined using the Entropy method. The results highlighted that the most significant criteria were Natural Capital and Resource Efficiency & Intensity, which carried the highest weight, whereas the Social Cohesion criterion was of lesser importance, represented by the lowest weight. Using the MARCOS method, the Balkan countries were ranked, with Greece securing the top position, closely followed by Albania, while North Macedonia exhibited the weakest performance. Sensitivity analysis further substantiated these findings. The outcomes of this study significantly contribute to the academic understanding of sustainable competitiveness and provide valuable practical insights for policymakers and stakeholders interested in advancing sustainable development efforts in the Balkan region.


sustainable competitiveness; Balkan countries; methods of multicriteria analysis

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