Reflections on development and fishermen’s survival in Gwadar, Pakistan

Shakir Ullah, Usman Khan, Jianfu Ma, Khalil Ur Rahman, Jamshid Ali Turi

Article ID: 1957
Vol 7, Issue 2, 2023

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This study explores the marginalization of a poor fishing community in Gwadar, Pakistan. The study provides an insight into how different levels of power, such as hidden, visible/pluralist, and invisible ideological powers, are used in policy arenas to hinder fishers’ access to participatory spaces, decision-making, and resource use. By employing Gaventa’s power cubes analytical model, we analyze fishers’ experiences and prevailing scenarios. Qualitative research methods were used to collect data, including in-depth interviews and participant observation. The finding shows that the interests of the fishing community in fishery policies and ongoing development projects are excluded both with intention and unintentionally. The exclusion of the local fisher community from key spaces brings interruptions and transformations that influence their lives. Due to this, they are induced to join insurgent groups to confront exclusion-based policies in Gwadar, Pakistan.


Gwadar; fishermen; exclusion; development; power; participation

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