The influence of community economic development and peat area governance on Society 5.0

Mayarni Mayarni, Almasdi Syahza, Sofyan H. Siregar, Amrul Khoiri, Eka Hariyani, Mimin Sundari Nasution, Andri Sulistyani

Article ID: 1843
Vol 7, Issue 2, 2023

VIEWS - 453 (Abstract) 245 (PDF)


This article is a study of the institutional governance of farmers in Bukit Batu District, Bengkalis Regency using the concept of Society 5.0 and the governance paradigm for analysis in peat area studies. This study aims to determine the form of institutional governance of smallholder agriculture in peat areas and determine the truth of the influence of community economic management and development indicators on Society 5.0, which results from empirical studies in the field. This study uses the mixed methods method, which combines quantitative and qualitative data analysis to measure the truth of information. The results of the study illustrate that the question study first finds existing forms of institutional governance walk, however still passive; this is caused by constraints of knowledge management plant horticulture in the region peat, utilization process nutrients, and management techniques group sustainable farming in aspect regulation government and empowerment company around through CSR; on the question, it has been furthermore found that management variables and community economic development have a positive influence on Society 5.0. This study uses quantitative analysis and calculation results from the SPSS analysis test to support this conclusion. From this study, it formulated recommendation from the synergy between economic development and management of peat areas to socio-economic and environmental impacts that must be considered by interested stakeholders, as well as maximizing function technology in making it easy to manage horticulture plants in peat areas as a form of Society 5.0 to minimize behind.


modern government; Society 5.0; peat

Full Text:



Andari LG (2021). Implementation of village SDGs in achieving sustainable development goals in Bali Province. Jurnal Bali Membangun Bali 2(3): 203–218.

Avcin M, Balcioǧlu H (2017). Corporate governance: A modern corporate governance framework model for better corporate governance. In: Crother D, Seifi S (editors). Developments in Corporate Governance and Responsibility. Emerald Publishing Limited. pp. 207–234. doi: 10.1108/s2043-052320170000012009

Bonye SZ, Thaddeus AA, Owusu-Sekyere E (2013). Community development in Ghana: Theory and practice. European Scientific Journal 9(17): 79–101.

Deguchi A, Hirai C, Matsuoka H, et al. (2020). What is Society 5.0? In: Hitachi-Utokyo Laboratory (editor). Society 5.0: A People-centric Super-smart Society. Springer Singapore. pp. 1–23. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-2989-4

Farazmand A (editor) (2023). Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance. Springer Nature. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2032-1

Ferreira CM, Serpa S (2018). Society 5.0 and social development: Contributions to a discussion. Management and Organizational Studies 5(4): 26–31. doi: 10.5430/mos.v5n4p26

Hák T, Janoušková S, Moldan B (2016). Sustainable development goals: The need for relevant indicators. Ecological Indicators 60: 565–573. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.08.003

Hanifa AP, Yuniarsih ET, Qomariah R, et al. (2023). Perspective chapter: How important is urban farming in Indonesia to support food sovereignty? In: Kuden A, Imrak B (editors). Urban Horticulture—Sustainable Gardening in Cities. IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.1001601

Howlett M (2019). Designing Public Policies: Principles and Instruments. Routledge.

Hudaya MR, Astuti EZL (2020). Pandanarum village community empowerment to actualize sustainable development goals of the terrestrial ecosystem. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan 17(3): 153–164. doi: 10.20886/jpeg.2020.17.3.153-164

Hysa B, Karasek A, Zdonek I (2021). The use of social media by various generations as a marketing tool for sustainable tourism in the idea of Society 5.0. Sustainability 13(1): 1018. doi: 10.3390/su13031018

Ludlow P (2018). The European Commission. In: The New European Community. Routledge. pp. 85–132.

Mayarni, Meiwanda G, Zularnaini (2020). Sustainable Development: Theoretical and Empirical (Indonesian). Taman Karya Publisher.

Miles MB, Huberman AM, Saldaña J (2013). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Method Sourcebook, 3rd ed. SAGE Publications, Inc.

Nakanishi H (2019). Modern society has reached its limits. Society 5.0 will liberate us. In: Proceedings of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting; 22–25 January 2019; Davos-Klosters, Switzerland.

Nikiforova A (2021). Smarter open government data for Society 5.0: Are your open data smart enough? Sensors 21(15): 5204. doi: 10.3390/s21155204

Potočan V, Mulej M, Nedelko Z (2020). Society 5.0: Balancing of Industry 4.0, economic advancement, and social problems. Kybernetes 50(3): 794–811. doi: 10.1108/K-12-2019-0858

Primahardani I, Mulyadi A, Syahza A, et al. (2022). Sustainability strategy for industrial plantation forest management in Riau Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 17(2): 399–411. doi: 10.18280/ijsdp.170205

Purwanto R, Maharrani RH, Somantri O, et al. (2022). Utilization of digital marketing as an online marketing information media for micro, small, and medium enterprises of horticultural farmers in Cilacap (Indonesian). Jurnal PkM (Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat) 5(3): 287–296.

Rosilawati Y, Dewi A (2021). Empowering communities to resolve the environmental crisis in forest and land fires in Riau Province. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Agribusiness and Rural Development (IConARD, 2020); 13–14 October 2020; Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Salman D, Yassi A, Bahsar-Demmallino E (2022). Climate change impacts and the rice farmers’ responses at irrigated upstream and downstream in Indonesia. Heliyon 8(12): e11923. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11923

Sidiq RSS, Sulistyani A, Achmad W (2022). Duanu’s tribe’s local wisdom and traditional ecology: A way to survive. Webology 19(1): 5704–5715.

Suprehatin S (2019). Characteristics of farmer adopters of high-value horticultural crops in Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 16(2): 181–190. doi: 10.17358/jma.16.2.181

Susilowati E, Windiani W (2018). Social engineering approaches in water resources management (Study case of land acquisition for Semantok Dam construction in Nganjuk Regency, East Java) (Indonesian). IPTEK Journal of Proceedings Series (5): 1–12. doi: 10.12962/j23546026.y2018i5.4415

Syafrizal S, Resdati R (2020). Community participation in peat restoration in Rimbo Panjang Village (Indonesian). Journal of Education, Humanities and Science Social 3(2): 712–720. doi: 10.34007/jehss.v3i2.399

Syahputri NR, Kusdarini E (2021). Implementation of good governance through e-governance in a modern law country during the Covid-19 pandemic. Constitutional 2(2): 103–114. doi: 10.25041/constitutionale.v2i2.2340

Syahza A, Bakce D, Irianti M, et al. (2021). Development of superior plantation commodities based on sustainable development. Planning 16(4): 683–692. doi: 10.18280/ijsdp.160408

Syahza A, Kozan O, Sutikno S, et al. (2021). Restoration ecology peat-based independent community group through revegetation in the Village Cape Leban, District Bengkalis, Riau (Indonesian). Riau Journal of Empowerment 4(2): 69–81. doi: 10.31258/raje.4.2.69-81

Syahza A, Nasrul B, Irianti M, Meiwanda G (2021). Efforts to prevent land fires through the use of potential peatlands in coastal areas. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2049(1): 012095. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/2049/1/012095

Wansleben L (2013). Cultures of Expertise in Global Currency Markets. Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9780203770993

Widodo WE, Cholidah SN, Isnaeni AP, et al. (2019). Measuring community satisfaction with CSR programs in Kertajaya Village: An analysis using the sustainability compass method (Indonesian). Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat: Media Pemikiran Dan Dakwah Pembangunan 3(1): 31–54. doi: 10.14421/jpm.2019.031-02

Wimmer MA, Boneva R, Di Giacomo D (2018). Interoperability governance: A definition and insights from case studies in Europe. In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Governance in the Data Age; 30 May–1 June 2018; Delft, The Netherlands. pp. 1–11.

Yunginger R, Dako A (2021). The strategy of the climate village program is based on bottom-up participation in encouraging the achievement of SDG targets in Hutadaa Village (Indonesian). Jurnal Sibermas (Sinergi Pemberdayaan Masyarakat) 10(2): 407–423. doi: 10.37905/sibermas.v10i2.10408

Záklasník M, Putnová A (2019). Digital society—Opportunity or threat? Case studies of Japan and the Czech Republic. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 67(4): 1085–1095.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Mayarni Mayarni, Almasdi Syahza, Sofyan H. Siregar, Amrul Khoiri, Eka Hariyani, Mimin Sundari Nasution, Andri Sulistyani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.