Impacts of infrastructure (in)equity and social (in)justice on democratic nation-building processes in Ethiopia

Ambaw Desalegn, Niguisse Solomon

Article ID: 1466
Vol 6, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:1466

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Abstract


Inequity in infrastructure distribution and social injustice’s effects on Ethiopia’s efforts to build a democratic society are examined in this essay. By ensuring fair access to infrastructure, justice, and economic opportunity, those who strive for social justice aim to redistribute resources in order to increase the well-being of individuals, communities, and the nine regional states. The effects that social inequity and injustice of access to infrastructure have on Ethiopia’s efforts to develop a democratic society were the focus of the study. Time series analysis using principal component analysis (PCA) and composite infrastructure index (CII), as well as structural equation modeling–partial least squares (SEM-PLS), were necessary to investigate this issue scientifically. This study also used in-depth interviews and focus group discussions to support the quantitative approach. The research study finds that public infrastructure investments have failed or have been disrupted, negatively impacting state- and nation-building processes of Ethiopia. The findings of this research also offer theories of coordination, equity, and infrastructure equity that would enable equitable infrastructure access as a just and significant component of nation-building processes using democratic federalism. Furthermore, this contributes to both knowledge and methodology. As a result, indigenous state capability is required to assure infrastructure equity and social justice, as well as to implement the state-nation nested set of policies that should almost always be a precondition for effective state- and nation-building processes across Ethiopia’s regional states.


Keywords


institutional capacity (IC); infrastructure governance (IG); infrastructure equity (IE); social justice (SJ); nation-building processes (NBP); principal component analysis; composite infrastructure index; structural equation modeling; regional states of E

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jipd.v6i2.1466

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