Socio-demographic factors affecting access to and utilization of social welfare services in Nigeria

John Thompson Okpa, Bassey Ballantyne Ikpeme, Nwosu Uchechukwu Wilson, Ude Bassey Obeten, Ngozi Christiana Nwadike

Article ID: 1448
Vol 6, Issue 2, 2022

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The study examined the socio-demographic factors affecting access to and utilization of social welfare services in Yenagoa Local Government Area of Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Quantitative and qualitative approaches were adopted to select 570 respondents from the study area. Probability and non-probability sampling techniques were adopted in the selection of communities, and respondents. The quantitative data were analyzed using frequency distribution tables and percentages, while chi-square statistic was used to determine the relationship between socio-demographic variables and access to and utilization of social welfare services. The qualitative data were analyzed in themes as a complement to the quantitative data. This study reveals that although all the respondents reported knowing available social welfare services, 44.3% reported not having access to existing social services due to factors connected to serendipity variables, such as terrain condition, ethnicity and knowing someone in government. Therefore, the study recommends that the government and other stakeholders should push for the massive delivery of much-needed social welfare services to address the issue of welfare service deficit across the nation, irrespective of the ethnic group and whether the community is connected to the government of the day or not, primarily in rural areas.


access; utilization; social welfare services; socio-economic; age; place of residence; Nigeria

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