Effects of institutional capacity, infrastructure governance, and equity on state- and nation-building processes in Ethiopia

Ambaw Desalegn, Nigussie Solomon

Article ID: 1301
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2021, Article identifier:

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Abstract


This paper analyzed the equitable allocation of infrastructure across regional states in Ethiopia. In general, in the past years, there has been a good start in the infrastructure sector in Ethiopia. However, the governance and equity system of infrastructure in Ethiopia is not flexible, not technology-oriented, not fair, and not easily solved. The results of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions (FGDs) showed that there is a lack of institutional capacity, infrastructure governance, and equity, which has negatively impacted the state- and nation-building processes in Ethiopia. According to the interviewees, so long as the unmet demand for infrastructure exists, it remains a key restrain on doing business in most Ethiopian regional states. This is due to the lack of integrated frameworks, as there are coordination failures (lack of proper government intervention, including a lack of proper understanding and implementation of the constitution and the federal system). In Ethiopia, to reduce these bottlenecks arising from the lack of institutional capacity, infrastructure governance, and equity and their effects on nation-building, first of all, the government has to critically hear the people, deeply assess the problems, and come to the point and then discuss the problems and the way forward with the society at large.


Keywords


nation-building process (NBP); institutional capacity (IC); infrastructure governance (IG); infrastructure equity (IE); federalism; Ethiopian regional states; Ethiopia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jipd.v5i2.1301

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