Roles of policies, regulations and institutions in sustainability of ocean tourism

Narendra N. Dalei, Avin Shekhar Chourasia, Narayan Sethi, Subhra Rajat Balabantaray, Upananda Pani

Article ID: 1295
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2021, Article identifier:1295

VIEWS - 404 (Abstract) 127 (PDF)

Abstract


Sustainable ocean tourism is required to establish a balance between the environmental, economic, social and cultural aspects of ocean tourism development. Sustainable ocean tourism also contributes to local and national economies, enhancing the quality of social life and protecting the ecology. Sustainable ocean tourism expands the positive contribution of tourism to biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction and aims to attain the common goals of sustainable developments for ocean tourism. Sustainable ocean tourism is possible due to the roles of regulators and private and government institutions. Government policies, regulations and guidelines play vital roles towards achieving the sustainability of ocean tourism. However, the role of institutions also cannot be ignored, which provide support in the innovation of technologies and the implementation of policies. The paper targets to investigate the roles of regulations, policies and institutions in the sustainability of ocean tourism. A primary online survey on the perception of tourism experts was conducted for this study using Google Forms. The tourism experts were invited from all over the world to participate in the survey. The study received a total of 33 responses, out of which only 30 valid responses were considered. Using the Tobit regression model, the study found that, while regulations in India relative to foreign countries significantly boost the sustainability of ocean tourism, government policies and public institutions in India relative to foreign countries remain insignificant in predicting the sustainability of ocean tourism. Therefore, government policies and public institutions in India need to be revised and reformulated to make them important drivers of the sustainability of ocean tourism.


Keywords


ocean tourism; sustainable development; environmental protection; government institutions and regulators

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amoamo M, Ruckstuhl K and Ruwhiu D (2018). “Balancing indigenous values through diverse economies: A case study of Māori ecotourism”. Tourism Planning & Development, 15(5): 478–495.

Arowoshegbe AO and Emmanuel U (2016). “Sustainability and triple bottom line: An overview of two interrelated concepts”. Igbinedion University Journal of Accounting, 2: 88–126.

Asongu SA and Andrés AR (2017). “The impact of software piracy on inclusive human development: Evidence from Africa”. International Review of Applied Economics, 31(5): 585–607. https://doi.org/10.1080/02692171.2017.1296414

Baker NJ (2008). “Sustainable wetland resource utilization of Sango Bay through eco-tourism development”. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2(10): 326–335.

Balabantaray SR (2013). “Property rights and decentralised forest governance: How far the objectives have been achieved?” In: Ghosal S (Ed.), Sustainable Forestry: People, Culture and Economics, pp. 73–94. LG Publishers.

Boluk KA, Cavaliere CT and Higgins-Desbiolles F (2019). “A critical framework for interrogating the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2030 Agenda in tourism”. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(7): 847–864. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2019.1619748

Brokaj R (2014). “Local government’s role in the sustainable tourism development of a destination”. European Scientific Journal, 10(31): 103–117.

Cameron AM, Memon A, Simmons DG and Fairweather JR (2001). Evolving Role of Local Government in Promoting Sustainable Tourism Development on the West Coast (TRREC Report No. 28). Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre, Lincoln University.

Cheer JG, Beech J and Chadwick S (Eds.) (2006). The business of tourism management. Pearson Education.

Cheer JM, Pratt S, Tolkach D, Bailey A, Taumopeau S and Monovo A (2018). Tourism in Pacigfic island countries: A status quo round-up. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 5(3): 442–461. Dalei NN and Heggde GS (2021). “The economics of value, growth and relationship in a green prospective”. Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità (Review of Sustainability Studies), 11(1): 29–41. https://doi.org/10.3280/RISS2021-001003

Dalei NN and Gupt Y (2014). “Livelihood sustainability of forest dependent communities in a mine-spoiled area”. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, 35(4): 30–47.

_____ (2017). “Measuring welfare of forest dependent communities in a mine-spoiled degraded ecosystem”. In: Mukhopadhyay P, Nawn N and Das K (Eds.), Global Change, Ecosystems, Sustainability: Theory, Methods, Practice, pp. 265–277. Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.4135/9789353280284.n20

_____ (2019). “Drivers of forest ecosystem change in Purnapani area: Empirical evidence and policy suggestions”. Journal of Quantitative Economics, 17(1): 167–196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40953-018-0120-0

Dodds R and Butler R (2010). “Barriers to implementing sustainable tourism policy in mass tourism”. An International Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism, 5: 35–53.

Elkington J (1997). Cannibals with Forks: The Triple Bottom Line of Sustainable Development. Capstone Publishing.

Elobeid DE (2012). “The role of institutions in sustainable development: The experience of Sudan economy”. OIDA International Journal Sustainable Development, 4(5): 53–68.

Gegeo DW (1998). “Indigenous knowledge and empowerment: Rural development examined from within”. The Contemporary Pacific, 10(2): 289–315.

Guo Y, Jiang J and Li S (2019). “A sustainable tourism policy research review”. Sustainability, 11(11): Art. 3187. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11113187

Higgins-Desbiolles F and Akbar S (2018). “We will present ourselves in our ways: Indigenous Australian tourism”. In Grimwood BSR, Caton K and Cooke L (Eds.), New Moral Natures in Tourism, pp. 13–28. UK Routledge.

Huy HP and Khin AA (2015). “Sustainable competitive advantages for eco-tourism development of Phu Quoc Island: Background and literature reviews”. Proceedings of the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Global Business, Economics, Finance and Social Sciences (AP15Vietnam Conference).

Jahan N and Rahman S (2016). “Identifying the key factors influencing sustainable tourism in Bangladesh: A quantitive analysis”. Proceedings of the Asia Tourism Forum 2016—The 12th Biennial Conference of Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Asia, pp. 0468–0473. https://doi.org/10.2991/atf-16.2016.73

Jamieson W, Goodwin H and Edmunds C (2004). Contribution of Tourism to Poverty Alleviation: Pro-Poor Tourism and the Challenge of Measuring Impacts (Paper for Transport Policy and Tourism Section, Transport and Tourism Division, UN ESCAP). UN ESCAP.

Kearins K and Fryer M (2011). “Relating sustainability theory to practice at Auckland Airport: An engaged scholarship endeavour involving students”. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 18(3): 151–161. https://doi.org/10.1002/csr.270

Liu Z (2010). “Sustainable tourism development: A critique”. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11(6): 459–475. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669580308667216

Mueller B and Mueller C (2009). “The role of institutions in sustainable development”. In: Ng Y-K and Wills I (Eds.), Welfare Economics and Sustainable Development, Vol. 2, pp. 171–188. UNESCO Publishing–EOLSS Publishers.

Ranjbari M, Shams Esfandabadi Z, Zanetti MC, et al. (2021). “Three pillars of sustainability in the wake of COVID-19: A systematic review and future research agenda for sustainable development”. Journal of Cleaner Production, 297: Art. 126660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126660

Rodríguez-Díaz M and Espino-Rodríguez TF (2016). “Determining the sustainability factors and performance of a tourism destination from the stakeholder’s perspective”. Sustainability, 8(9), Art. 951. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8090951

Tao C-H, Eagles PFJ and Smith SLJ (2010). “Profiling Taiwanese ecotourists using a self-definition approach”. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1(2): 149–168. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669580408667230

United Nations (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. United Nations.

_____ (2016). Global Sustainable Development Report 2016. United Nations.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (2013). Sustainable Tourism: Contribution to Economic Growth and Sustainable Development (Issue Note TD/B/C.I/EM.5/2). UNCTAD.

_____ (2014). The Oceans Economy: Opportunities and Challenges for Small Island Developing States. UNCTAD.

World Tourism Organization and United Nations Development Programme (2017). Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals—Journey to 2030, Highlights. UNWTO. https://doi.org/10.18111/9789284419340

World Bank (2017). What Is The Blue Economy? [Infographics]. World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/infographic/2017/06/06/blue-economy

Zhao L, Chen Z and Liu J (2015). “Evolutionary game theory between local government and tourism enterprises in the context of a low-carbon economy”. Tourism Tribune, 30(1): 72–82.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jipd.v5i2.1295

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Narendra N. Dalei, Avin Shekhar Chourasia, Narayan Sethi, Subhra Rajat Balabantaray, Upananda Pani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.