Effect of sole and combined application of cocoa pod husk ash and cocoa pod husk powder on growth and yield of raddish (raphanus sativus)

Aboyeji Christoher Muyiwa, Olabode Olamilekan Adebayo

Abstract


This study was carried out at the Teaching and Research farm Landmark University, Omu-Aran. Treatments consisted of 3 levels of cocoa pod husk ash (0, 2 and 4 tonnes CPHA ha-1), 3 levels of cocoa pod husk powder (0, 2 and 4 tonnes CPHP ha-1), NPK and the control. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated four times. The following parameters were taken plant height, number of leaves (at 2, 3, and 4 weeks after sowing), total plant weight, root weight, leaf weight, roots girth and roots length. Data collected were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Using S.A.S, 2000. Treatment means were compared using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at 0.05 level of probability. Results showed that chemical analysis of cocoa pod ash and powder contained plant nutrients as N, P, K, Ca, Mg and some other micronutrients in varying proportions. Application of CPHA 4 CPHP 2 gave higher values for all the vegetative parameters. The implication of this study is that high level of cocoa pod husk powder in combination with high level of cocoa pod husk ash is detrimental to radish cultivation. In the same vein, the nutrition of radish was incomplete when NPK fertilizer was applied. It can therefore be recommended that the use of combined application of cocoa pod ash and cocoa pod powder at CPHA4 + CPHP2 was sufficient for the cultivation of radish (Raphanus sativus) in the study area as it compete favourably with application of NPK fertilizer.


Keywords


Radish; cocoa pod ash; cocoa pod powder; growth and yield

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adejobi KB, Adeniyi DO, Famaye AO, et al. Evaluation of the effectiveness of goat dung manure and kola pod husk ash on Nutrient composition and growth performance ofCoffee (Coffea Arabica) in Nigeria. J. Applied Biosci.2011; 44: 2987 – 2993.

Adu Dapaah HK, Combina J, Asare EO. Effect of Cocoa Pod Ash on Maize Growth. Journal of Agric. Sc. Cambridge.1994; 132:31 – 33.

Ajilore OD. Effects of Continuous Cultivation and Organic Amendments on the Growth and Performance of C. argentea in an Oxic Paleustalf in South-Western Nigeria., Unpublished B. Agric. Thesis. Soil Science and Farm Mechanization, Department, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye. 2008.

Ayeni LS, Ayeni OM, Oso OP, et al. Effect of sawdust and wood ash applications in improving soil chemical properties and growth of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) seedling in the nurseries. Medwell Agricultural Journal. 2008a; 3(5): 323 -326.

Ayeni LS. Integration of cocoa pod ash, poultry manure and NPK 20:10:10 for soil fertility management – incubation study. Continental J. Agronomy. 2008; 2: 25 - 30, 2008 Wilolud Online Journals.

Egunjobi OA. Possible utilization of discovered cocoa pod husks fertilizer and nematicide Proc. International Cocoa Research Conf. Ibadan. Sept. 1976;1 – 9. Pp 541 – 549.

Facciola S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)

Dinesh R, Srinivasan V, Hamja S, et al. Short term incorporation of organic manures and fertilizers influences biochemicals and microbial characteristics of soils under an annual crop turmeric. Bioresource Technology, 2010; 101(12):4697-702.

Manhas SS, Gill BS. Effect of planting materials, mulch levels and farmyard manure on growth, yield and quality of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2010; 80(6): 501 - 506.

Moyin Jesu EI. Incorporation of industrial biomass and their effect on growth nutrient content of four successive crop of amaranthus.Partanika J. Trop. Agric. Sc. 2003; 26: 49 – 58.

Odedina SA, Odedina JN, Ayeni S, et al. Effect of types of ash on soil fertility nutrient availability and yield of tomato and pepper. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science.2003; 13: 66-67.

Roy SS, Hore JK. Vermiculture can be practised in all plantation crops. A report of Department of Spices and Plantation Crops, Faculty of Horticulture,Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur – 741 252, Nadia, West Bengal. 2010; 20-39 pp.

Uyovbisere EO, Elemo KA. Effect of inorganic fertilizer and foliage of azadrachta and parkia species on the productivity of early maize. Nig J.Soil Res. 2000; 1:17 – 22.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/th.v1i4.954

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.