Perspective Material for Photoenergetics on the Basis of Silicon with Binary Elementary Cells

M.K. Bakhadyrkhanov1, U.X. Sodikov1, Kh.M. Iliev1, S.A. Tachilin1, Tuerdi Wumaier2


The paper proposes a scientifically grounded - principally new approach to managing the fundamental parameters of the basic material of electronic engineering as like silicon. The essense of the proposed approach is that the formation of binary elementary cells in the silicon lattice involving elements III (B, Al, Ga, Zn) and V (P, As, Sb) groups in the form of Si2GaAs, Si2GaSb, etc., taking into account electrical and chemical parameters of these impurity atoms, as well as their diffusion parameters in Si, are determined by the most suitable pairs of atoms of groups III and V that allow obtaining silicon with the necessary composition and structure of binary elementary cells, as well as their more complex associations, up to the formation of nanocrystals of semiconductor connections AIIIBV. It is shown that by controlling the composition and structure, as well as the concentration of binary elementary cells, it is possible to significantly expand the spectral sensitivity of silicon, both in the IR and hλ > Eg directions. The formation of nanoclusters of AIIIBV semiconductor compounds in the silicon lattice significantly changes the emissivity of the material. It is established that the successive diffusion of elements of groups III and V in silicon and additional low-temperature annealing under certain thermodynamic conditions makes it possible to ensure the maximum participation of the impurity atoms introduced in the formation of binary elementary cells. It is shown that silicon with binary elementary cells involving atoms of groups III and V is a new class of semiconductor material with unique functionality for modern optoelectronics and photoenergetics.


Semiconductor; Binary clusters; Muticascade PV Cells; Elementary Cells; Self-Organization; Self-Structure; Nanostructure; Nanocrystal; Photosensivity; Combinations; Multistage PV cells

Full Text:



Tonio Buonassisi/Introduction to fundamentals of photovoltaics/

Ch. P. Poole, Jr. F. J. Owens/Introduction to nanotechnology/Publsh. by J. Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken. New Jersey/USA, 2003.

Alan II., Fahrenbruch, Richard H. Bube/Fundamentals of solar cells/Photovoltaic solar energy conversion/New York, 1998.

Ж.И. Алферов/Избранные труды нанотехнологии/Издательский дом Магистр-пресс, Москва, 2011.

J. Emsley/The elements/ Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991.

M.G. Milvidskii, V.V. Chaldishev/Nanoscale atomic clusters in semiconductors as a new approach to formation of materials properties/Semiconductors, 1998, No 5.pp. 513-522.

T. Sekuguchi, S. Yoshida, K.M. Itoh/Self-assembly of parallel atomic wires and periodic clusters of silicon on a vicinal Si(111) surface/Phys.Rev.Lett.95, 106101 (2005).

F.F. Komarov, O.I. Velichko, V.A. Dobrushkin, A.M. Mironov/Mechanisms of arsenic clustering in silicon/Phys. Rev. B. Vol.74 (3), Art. no. 035205 (2006).

Chuanyun Xiao, Jessica Blundell, Frank Hagelberg and William A., Lester J./Silicon clusters doped with an yttrium metal atom impurity/International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, Vol 96, Issue 4, pages 416-425, 2004.

M.K.Bakhadyrhanov, K.S. Aypov, Kh.M. Iliev, G.Kh. Mavlonov, and O.E. Sattorov/Effect of electric field, illumination, and temperature on the negative magnetoresistance of low-temperature-diffusion-doped silicon/Technical Physics Letters, 2009, Vol. 35, No. 8, pp 741-744.

M.K.Bakhadyrhanov, Sh.I. Askarov, and N. Norkulov/Some features of chemical interaction between a fast diffusing impurity and a group VI element in silicon/Phys. stat. sol. (a) 142, 339 (1994).

M.K.Bakhadyrhanov, K.S. Aypov, G.Kh. Mavlonov, and S.B. Isamov/Negative magnetoresistance in silicon with manganese-atom complexes [Mn]4/Semiconductors, 2010, Vol. 44, No. 9. pp. 1145-1148.

C. Hilsum, A.C. Rose-innes/Semiconducting III-V compounds/Oxford, London, 1961.

R. K. Wilardson, H. L. Goering/Compound semiconductors preparation of III-V compounds/Chapman&Hall, Ltd., London, 1965.

M.S. Saidov/Concentrated semiconductor solid solutions of compounds and possibility of realization in-band-cascade devices/Applied Solar Energy, 2001, 1, p. 3-9.

M.S.Saidov/The possibility of the formation of continuous solid solutions of silicon and germanium with compounds with defective diamond-like structures/ Applied Solar Energy, 2002, 2.

B.A. Abdurakhmanov, M.K.Bakhadyrhanov, K.S. Aypov, H.M. Iliev, E.B. Saitov, A. Mavlonov, U.H. Kamalov/Formation of clusters of impurity atoms of nickel in silicon and controlling their parameters/Nanosciens and nanotechnology, 2014, 4(2): 23-26.

M.K.Bakhadyrhanov and S.B. Isamov/IR Photodetectors operating under background illumination/Technical Physics, 2016, Vol. 61, No 3., pp. 458-460.

Z.A. Yunusov, Sh.U. Yuldashev, Kh. T. Igamberdiev, Y.H. Kwos and T.W. Kang M.K.Bakhadyrhanov, S.B. Isamov and N.F. Zikrillaev/Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 64, No. 10, May 2014, pp. 1461-1465.

M. K. Bakhadyrkhanov, A. Sh. Mavlyanov, U. Kh. Sodikov, and M. K. Khakkulov/Silicon with Binary Elementary Cells as a Novel Class of Materials for Future Photoenergetics/Applied Solar Energy, 2015, Vol. 51, No. 4, pp. 258–261.

M.K.Bakhadyrhanov, S.A. Valiev, N.F. Zikrillaev, S.V. Kaveshnikov, E.B. Saitov, and S.A. Tachilin/Silicon photovoltaic cells with clusters of nickel atoms/Applied solar energy, 2016, Vol. 52, No 4, pp. 278-281.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.