3D ultrasound in cardiology

Antonio J Bravo, Miguel Vera, Delia Madriz, Julio Contreras-Velásquez, José Chacón, Sandra Wilches-Durán, Modesto Graterol-Rivas, Daniela Riaño-Wilches, Joselyn Rojas, Valmore Bermúdez

Article ID: 1748
Vol 5, Issue 1, 2022, Article identifier:53-67

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Abstract


Cardiovascular imaging analysis is a useful tool for the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of cardiovascular diseases. Imaging techniques allow non-invasive quantitative assessment of cardiac function, providing morphological, functional and dynamic information. Recent technological advances in ultrasound have made it possible to improve the quality of patient treatment, thanks to the use of modern image processing and analysis techniques. However, the acquisition of these dynamic three-dimensional (3D) images leads to the production of large volumes of data to process, from which cardiac structures must be extracted and analyzed during the cardiac cycle. Extraction, three-dimensional visualization, and qualification tools are currently used within the clinical routine, but unfortunately require significant interaction with the physician. These elements justify the development of new efficient and robust algorithms for structure extraction and cardiac motion estimation from three-dimensional images. As a result, making available to clinicians new means to accurately assess cardiac anatomy and function from three-dimensional images represents a definite advance in the investigation of a complete description of the heart from a single examination. The aim of this article is to show what advances have been made in 3D cardiac imaging by ultrasound and additionally to observe which areas have been studied under this imaging modality.


Keywords


Ultrasound; Acquisition; Visualization; Processing; Reconstruction; Cardiology

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/irr.v5i1.1748

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