Cardiac amyloidosis imaging

Diego Pérez de Arenaza, Sergio Baratta, Roxana Campisi, Miguel Cerda, Adela Aguirre, Eugenia Villanueva, Alberto Fernández, César Belziti

Article ID: 1742
Vol 5, Issue 1, 2022, Article identifier:8-18

VIEWS - 237 (Abstract) 210 (PDF)

Abstract


Amyloidosis is a systemic disorder produced by the deposition of insoluble protein fibrils that fold and deposit in the myocardium. Patients with amyloidosis and cardiac involvement have higher mortality than patients without cardiac involvement. The two most prevalent forms of amyloidosis associated with cardiac involvement are AL amyloidosis, due to the deposition of immunoglobulin light chains, and ATTR amyloidosis, due to the deposition of the transthyretin (TTR) protein in mutated or senile form. This article aims to review the different cardiac imaging modalities (echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine and tomography) that allow to determine the severity of cardiac involvement in patients with amyloidosis, the type of amyloidosis and its prognosis. Finally, we suggest a diagnostic algorithm to determine cardiac involvement in amyloidosis adapted to locally available diagnostic tools, with a practical and clinical approach.


Keywords


Amyloidosis/Diagnostic Imaging; Cardiomyopathies/Diagnostic Imaging; Echocardiography; Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/irr.v5i1.1742

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