Polyaniline modified silica gel coupled with green solvent as eco favourable mobile phase in thin layer chromatographic analysis of organic dyes

Mahfoozurrahman Khan, Ali Mohammad, Qasim Ullah, Faiz Mohammad

Article ID: 747
Vol 4, Issue 1, 2021, Article identifier:41-55

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This article studies a new green eco-friendly TLC (thin layer chromatography) using silica gel and polyaniline modified silica gel as stationary phase in combination with ethyl acetate (EA), n-butyl acetate (BA) and butane-1-ol (BO) solutions as mobile phase for the comparative study of migration behaviour of organic dyes to identify the most suitable thin layer chromatographic system for the resolution of co-existing dyes. Better separation efficiency was observed by modifying silica gel with polyaniline as compared to pure silica stationary phase. Densitogrpahic presentation of separations achieved on polyaniline modified silica gel Pani@SG-EB1 was also presented. The thin layer chromatographic system comprising of polyaniline modified silica gel Pani@SG-EB1 as stationary phase and n-butyl acetate:DDW, 5:5 as green mobile phase was observed to be the most favourable for the separation of various combinations of three or four-component mixtures of organic dyes viz. methyl thymol blue, tartrazine, carmoisine, rose bengal, amidoblack 10B, bromopyrogallol red and 4-nitrobenzene dizonium tetrafluoroborate. The effect of presence of cations and anions on separation trend was also examined and the limits of detection of the separated organic dyes were estimated. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron micrograph (TEM) studies were undertaken to characterize silica gel and modified silica gel (stationary phase). The developed method has been successfully applied for the identification of carmoisine in Solvin cold DS syrup and tartrazine in MefastTM syrup.


Organic Dyes; Modified Silica Gel; Densitometry; Pharmaceutical Syrup; Thin Layer Chromatography

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/ace.v4i1.747


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