Application of an experimental design in the hydrothermal synthesis of GIS-NaP zeolite from brickwall wastes

Marcelo Rodríguez Valdivia, Rivalino Guzmán Ale, Martha Huamán Gutiérrez

Article ID: 1638
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:27-35

VIEWS - 195 (Abstract) 62 (PDF)

Abstract


This article reports the results of an investigation carried out in order to obtain zeolitic material of the GIS-NaP type with high cation exchange capacity using brick waste. The hydrothermal synthesis was carried out in a stainless-steel reactor using NaOH activating solutions at concentrations of 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 M, activation temperatures of 100, 120 and 140 ℃ and activation times of 7, 8 and 9 hours. The product obtained was characterized by X-ray Fluorescence, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Diffraction, and Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC).

The results obtained showed that for the hydrothermal conversion test at 140 ℃/2 M/7 hours, GIS-NaP synthetic zeolite with a cation exchange capacity equal to 163.5 meq/100 g was obtained. The statistical analysis, applying a factorial experimental design, indicated that the main factors with a great effect on the cation exchange capacity (CEC) are the activation temperature and the interaction between it and the concentration of the activating solution, with a degree of significance of 0.049250 and 0.056631 for a confidence level of 90.82%. An empirical mathematical model was developed and validated by applying ANOVA analysis that considers the interaction effects of all factors and was optimized by applying the response surface methodology.


Keywords


Brick Waste; Cation Exchange Capacity; GIS-Nap Zeolite; Factorial Experimental Design; Hydrothermal Synthesis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/ace.v5i2.1638

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