Quality assessment of pea (Pisum sativum L.) seeds using the controlled deterioration technique

Md. Abdullahil Baque 2, Md. Lutfor Rahman 1, Md. Mahfuzar Rahman 1, Md. Mahmudul Hasan 1, Md. Ahsan Habib 2, Motiur Rahman 3

Abstract


A three-factor experiment was set at the Horticulture Laboratory, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur to study the effects of the controlled deterioration (CD) on the pea seeds at the constant temperature of 350C. The 3 factors considered were: 3 pea seed sources (Rangpur Local/RL, Dinajpur Local/DL and Thakurgaon Local/TL); 3 ageing periods (0, 8 and 16 days); and 3 seed moisture contents (12, 16 and 20% MC). The 27 treatment combinations compared in the CRD with the 3 repetitions for the 8 arenas were: % germination, % abnormal seedlings, % dead seeds, % soil emergence and seedling evaluation test for the root and shoot lengths as well as their dry matter contents. Identical prototypes of notable (5-1% level) degradations were recorded everywhere. But the disparities were lucid under the extreme stresses. Moreover, highly noteworthy (1% level) relations were traced amid all the traits ranging from -0.9847 (soil emergence × abnormal seedling) to 0.9623 (soil emergence × normal seedling). So, the CD technique was very effectual in judging the physiological statuses of the seed sources studied. Thus, the germination test might be add-on by a vigor test, the latter of which could be assessed by quantifying the seedlings’ root and shoot lengths and/or their dry matter accumulations. Moreover, in the seed quality certification, the suitable limits of vigor for the chosen traits could also be got by this technique. But the seeds of several pea varieties should be exploited to fix-up the agreeable limits of the traits. Furthermore, to save time, the ageing period could be squeezed by raising the seed MC.       


Keywords


Pea; Moisture Content; Germination; Abnormal Seedlings; Dead Seeds

Full Text:

PDF

References


Purseglove JW. Tropical Crops Dicotyledons. The English Language Book Society and Longman 1977; 1: 89-99.

Roberts EH, Osei-Bonsu, Seed K and seedling vigour. In summer field, RJ (ed.). World Crops: Cool Season Food Legumes. Kluwer Academic Publishers. London 1988; 898-910.

Roberts EE. Qualifying seed deterioration. McDona MB, and Nelson CJ(ed). Phydiology of seed deterioration. Crop science society of America (CSSA). Special Pub No. 11. USA 1986; 101-123.

Keefe PD, Draper SR. The isolation of carrot embryos and their measurement by machine vision for the prediction of crop uniformity Hort J. Sci 1986; 61: 497-502.

Ellis RH. Seed and seedling vigour in relation to crop growth and yield. J. Plant Growth Regulation 2004; 11(3): 249-255.

ISTA (International Seed Testing Association). Handbook of Vigour Test Methods. 3rd ed. Zurich, Switzerland, 1999.

Pourhadian H. Khajehpour MR. Relationship between germination test and field emergence of wheat. Asian J. Applied Sci. 2010; 3: 160-165.

Wang YR, Yub L, Nanb ZB, Liua YL. Vigour Tests Used to Rank Seed Lot Quality and Predict Field Emergence in Four Forage Species. Crop Sci. 2004; 44: 535-541.

Kolasinska K, Szyrmer J, Dul S. Relationship between Laboratory seed quality tests and field emergence of bean seed. Crop Sci 2000; 40: 470-475.

Kulik MM, Yaklich RW. Evaluation of vigour tests in soybean seeds: Relationship of accelerated aging, cold, sand bench and speed of germination tests to field performance. Crop Sci 1982; 22:766-770.

Borba CS Some relationship of seed quality and planting date to development and seed production of soybean. Dissertation Abstract Int. B (Sci. and Engn.) 1987; 47: 3167B-3168B.

Perry DA. Seed vigour and seedling establishment. Adv. Res. Tech. Seeds, 1982; 5: 25-40.

Hampton JG, Scott DJ. Effect of seed vigour on garden pea production. Newz J. Agril. Res 1982;25: 289-294.

Perry DA. Report of the vigour test committee 1974-1977. Seed Sci. and Technol 1978; 6: 159-181.

Brown RF, Mayer DG. A critical analysis of Maguire's germination rate index. J. Seed Technol 1986; 10: 101-110.

Ranal MA, Santana D G. How and why to measure the germination process. Revista Brasil. Bot 2006;29: 1-11.

Khan AM, Khan H, Khan R,et al. Vigour tests used to rank seed lot quality and predict field emergence in wheat. Am J. Plant Physiol 2007; 2: 311-317.

Hill HJ, Cunningham JD, Bradford JK, et al. Primed lettuce seeds exhibit increased sensitivity to moisture content during controlled deterioration. Hort J. Sci 2007; 42: 1436-1439.

Kibinza S, Vinel D, Côme D, et al. Sunflower seed deterioration as related to moisture content during ageing, energy metabolism and active oxygen species scavenging. Physiol. Plant, 2006; 128: 496-506.

Kruse M. Application of the Normal Distribution for Testing the Potential of Controlled Deterioration Test. Crop Sci 1999; 39: 1125-1129.

Roberts EE. Qualifying seed deterioration 1972; 91-94.

Khan MM, Iqbal J, Abbas M, et al. Loss of Vigour and Viability in Aged Onion Int. J. Agril. Biol 2004; 6: 242-251.

Iqbal TMT, Smith ML. Physiological changes of pea seed quality due to ageing. Ann. Bangladesh Agric 1996; 6 (1): 27-34.

Bahadur MM, Kabir MA, Iqbal TMT, et al, Changes of groundnut seed quality due to controlled deterioration. Int. J. Sustain. Agril. Technol, 2005; 1:59-64.

Kabir MA, Iqbal TMT, Bahadur MM et al.Assessment of chick pea seed quality. Bangladesh J. Seed Sci. Tech 2005; 9: 133-135.

Kapoor N, Arya A, Siffiqui MA,et al. Seed Deterioration in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under Accelerated Ageing. Asian J. Plant Sci, 2010, 41: 312-321.

Patricia P, Gerardo RR, Miller BM et al. Lettuce seed quality evaluation using seed physical attributes, saturated salt aging and seed vigour imaging system. J. Pl. Biotech 2005; 8: 312-318.

Siddique MA, Somerset G, Goodwin PB. Time of harvest, pre-threshing treatment and quality in snap bean (P. vulgaris) seed crop. Aust. J. Exp. Agric 1987; 27: 179-187.

Ellis RH, Roberts EH. The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Sci. Tech 1981; 28: 989-94.

Osei-Bonsu K. Storage and vigour problems in grain legumes. Ph. D. Thesis, Reading Univ. Reading, 1981.

Ellis RH, Roberts EH. Towards a rational basis for testing seed quality In Hebblethwailte, P.D. (ed) Seed Production. Butterworths, London 1980; 605-635.

Heydecker WVigour. In Roberts EH (ed). Viability of seeds. Chapman and Hall Ltd. London 1972; 209-282.

Iqbal TMT. Evaluation of pea seed quality using the controlled deterioration technique. An MS. Thesis University of Edinburgh, UK 1989;114.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/th.v1i2.718

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.