Developing a route filtering system for street network development by integrating GIS and space syntax: a case study from tehran, Iran

Omid Rismanchian 1, Simon Bell 1, Safoora Mokhtarzadeh

Abstract


Throughout the urban development process over the last seven decades in Tehran, Iran many self-generated neighbourhoods have developed, in which the majority of the residents are low-income families. The main spatial attribute of these deprived neighbourhoods in space syntax terms is spatial isolation from the surrounding, more affluent areas, which is accompanied by inadequate urban infrastructure and a lack of accessibility and permeability. This paper discusses a method of developing a route filtering system for identifying the most suitable streets for the creation of a pedestrian-friendly network, using an example of a deprived area, in order to integrate it with the surrounding urban fabric. The theory of ‘Natural Movement’ formed the basis of the research, the spatial pattern being analysed through Space Syntax using Depthmap software and GIS. The results showed that it is possible to identify the underlying spatial pattern using this approach and this could form a very cost effective basis for developing a pedestrian friendly street network, in order to release the deprived area from its spatial isolation.

 


Keywords


Transformability index; natural movement; accessibility; urban regeneration; Iran.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abubakar I, Aina YA. GIS and Space Syntax: An Analysis of Accessibility to Urban Green Areas in Doha District of Dammam Metropolitan Area, Saudi Arabia. Conference Proceeding Map Middle East 2006 Dubai, 26-29 March 2005, pp. 2009.

Amayesh Iranshahr Aria Co. Tarh-E Manzar-E Shahri-E Mahale-E Nezam Abad [Nezam Abad Neighborhood Townscape Plan], Tehran City Revitalization Organization, Tehran. 2009.

Andalib A. Renovation notes for deteriorated urban areas volume 1, First edn, Tehran City Revitalization Organization, Tehran.2007a.

Andalib, A. Renovation notes for deteriorated urban areas volume 2, First edn, Tehran City Revitalization Organization, Tehran.2007b.

Andalib, A. Renovation notes for deteriorated urban areas volume 4, First edn, Tehran City Revitalization Organization, Tehran.2007c.

Andalib A. Haji Ali Akbari, K. Nosazi-E Bafthay-E Farsoode ba Mosharekat-E Mardom [The Renovation of Deteriorated Urban Areas with the Participation of the Residents], Tehran City Revitalization Organization, Tehran.2008.

Azim, N. 2004, 30th August to 9 September, 2004-last update, Restructuring urban morphology in the context of globalising economy, a case study of Rasht, Iran [Homepage of The University of Guilan], [Online]. Available: http://research.guilan.ac.ir/research/doc/c1208.pdf 2009, 1/17.

Bafna, S. Space Syntax: A brief introduction to its logic and analytical techniques

Environment and Behavior 2003; 35: 17-29.

Bertaud, A. 2003, Tehran spatial structure: Constraints and Opportunities for Future Development, Ministry of Housing and Urban Development Islamic Republic of Iran.

Ghafari AM, Coulabadi F. Tehran-Kalan Shahr-E-Bedoon-E Arman [Tehran, Metropolitan without Ideal. 2nd Seminar of Construction in CapitalTehran University, Tehran, 2006.

Hillier B.Space is the machine, A configurational theory of architecture, Space Syntax. 2007.

Hillier B. Designing safer streets: an evidence-based approach. Planning in London 2004; 48:45-49.

Hillier B, Penn A, Hanson J, et al. Natural movement: or, configuration and attraction in urban pedestrian movement. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 1993; 20: 29-66.

Hillier B, Vaughan L.The City as One Thing. Progress in Planning, 2007; 67:

3: 205-230.

Karimi K, Amir A, Shafiei K, et al. Evidence-based Spatial Intervention for Regeneration of Informal Settlements: The Case of Jeddah Central Unplanned Areas. Proceedings of the 6th International Space Syntax Symposium, 2007; p1.

Mokhtarzade S. Sustainability indicators and the quality of neighbourhood, the case study of Mashhad/Iran, Honar University of Isfahan.2011.

Motawef S. Barnamey-e Jamey-e Ehya va Tosey-e Bafte Farsood-e Shahr-e Tehran, Zaroorati Ast Takhir Napazir [Revitalization Master Plan of Timeworn Urban Tissue of Tehran is an Undelayable Necessity]. 2nd Seminar of Construction in TehranTehran University, Tehran, 2006.

Penn A. Space Syntax and Spatial Cognition Or, why the axial line?. 3rd International Space Syntax Symposium Proceedings, eds. J. Peponis, S. Bafna & J. Wineman, Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, 2001;p11.1.

Penn A, Turner A. Space Syntax Based Agent Simulation. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation DynamicsUniversity of Duisburg, Germany, 2002.

Rismanchian O, Bell S.Evidence-based spatial intervention for the regeneration of deteriorating urban areas: A case study from Tehran, Iran. Urban Design International 2014; 19(1):1-21.

Saaty TL. The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation, McGraw-Hill, USA. 1980.

Toker U, Baran PK, Mull M.Sub-Urban Evolution: A Cross-Temporal Analysis of Spatial Configuraion in an American Town (1989-2002). 5th International Space Syntax Symposium, ed. A. Van Nes, Purdue University Press, USA, 2005: June 13-17, p1.

Turner A. Depthmap 4 A Researcher's Handbook, Bartlett School of Graduate Studies, UCL, London.2004.

Vaughan L.The relationship between physical segregation and social marginalization in the urban environment. World Architecture 2005; 185: 88-96.

Ye M, Josefsson H. Urban Redevelopment and City Centre Growth. 1st International Space Syntax SymposiumUniversity College London, London. 1997; pp. 07.1.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/tm.v1i3.769

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.