Optimization of EDM Process Parameter for MRR and SR of 17- 4 PH Steel Using Response Surface Methodology



In the present work, an attempt has been made for material removal rate and surface roughness by response surface optimization techniques in Electrical discharge machining. Electrical discharge machining, commonly known as EDM, is a process that is used to remove metal through the action of an electrical discharge of short duration and high current density between the work piece and too. This work presents the results of a mathematical investigation carried out to the effects of machining parameters such as current, pulse on time, pulse off time and lift time on material removal rate and surface roughness in electrical discharge machining of 17-4 PH steel by using copper electrode. Response surface methodology and ANOVA techniques are used for data analysis to solve the multi-response optimization. To validate the optimum levels of the parameter, confirmation run was performed by setting the parameters at optimum levels. Material Removal Rate during the process has been taken as productivity estimate with the objective to maximize it. With an intention of minimizing surface roughness is been considered as most important output parameter. It is found that the good agreement of that current is most significant parameter for material removal rate and less for surface roughness followed by pulse on time and lift time.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/tm.v1i2.633


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