Anatomical assessment of the temporomandibular joint with magnetic resonance imaging

Sandro Alexander Lévano Loayza, Abell Temistocles Sovero Gaspar

Article ID: 1760
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:90-97

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Abstract


A systemic and synthetic review of the anatomy of the temporomandibular joint in magnetic resonance imaging was developed for its evaluation. The temporomandibular joint is an anatomical structure composed of bones, muscles, ligaments and an articular disc that allows important physiological movements, such as mandibular opening, closing, protrusion, retrusion and lateralization. Magnetic resonance imaging is an imaging technique that does not use ionizing radiation and is more specific for the evaluation and interpretation of soft tissues, due to its high resolution, so it has an important role in the diagnosis of various maxillofacial pathologies, which is why the dentist should have knowledge of the structures and functions of the temporomandibular joint through magnetic resonance imaging. The review demonstrates the importance of magnetic resonance imaging in the study of the anatomy of the temporomandibular joint, in addition to mentioning the advantages provided by this imaging technique such as its good detail of the soft tissues in its different sequences and the non-use of ionizing radiation to obtain its images.


Keywords


Temporomandibular Joint; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Anatomy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/irr.v5i2.1760

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