Colorectal cancer staging with magnetic resonance imaging

Felipe Aluja Jaramillo, Daniel Upegui Jiménez

Article ID: 1753
Vol 5, Issue 2, 2022, Article identifier:34-42

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Abstract


Colorectal cancer is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide and the fifth leading cause of cancer death in Colombia. Magnetic resonance imaging is the ideal modality for the evaluation of colorectal cancer, since it allows staging by determining invasion beyond the muscularis propria, extension towards adjacent organs, identification of patients who are candidates for chemotherapy or pre-surgical radiotherapy and planning of the surgical procedure. The key point is based on the differentiation between T2 and T3 stages through the use of sequences with high-resolution T2 information. In addition to this, it allows the assessment of the size and morphology of the lymph nodes, and considerably increases the specificity for the detection of lymph node involvement. MRI is a technique with high specificity and high reproducibility.


Keywords


Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Colon Neoplasms; Rectal Neoplasms; Staging of Neoplasms

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/irr.v5i2.1753

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