Frequent central nervous system measurements using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging

Pablo Sartori, Luis Alvarado, María Chirveches, Macarena Urrutia, Braian Yampolsky

Article ID: 1726
Vol 3, Issue 1, 2020, Article identifier:50-58

VIEWS - 501 (Abstract) 414 (PDF)

Abstract


In daily practice, during the performance of reports, anatomical variants, lesions and various pathologies of the central nervous system (CNS) are often encountered in which it is necessary to perform some kind of measurements in order to formulate an accurate diagnosis. These measurements allow the referring or treating physician to schedule and perform minimally invasive therapeutic procedures or those requiring major surgical intervention. We performed a description of the most frequent measurements in the CNS using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


Keywords


Central Nervous System; Computed Tomography; Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Full Text:

PDF


References


Maeda AK, Aguiar LR, Martins C, et al. Hematoma volumes of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: The ellipse (ABC/2) method yielded volumes smaller than those measured using the planimetric method. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 2013; 71: 540–544.

Zimmerman RD, Maldjian JA, Brun NC, et al. Radiologic estimation of hematoma volume in intracerebral hemorrhage trial by CT scan. American Journal of Neuroradiology 2006; 27(3): 666–670.

Webb AJS, Ullman NL, Morgan TC, et al. Accuracy of the ABC/2 score for intracerebral hemorrhage: Systematic review and analysis of MISTIE, CLEAR-IVH, and CLEAR III. Stroke 2015; 46(9): 2470–2476.

Arikan F, Sahuquillo J, Ibañez J, et al. Variability in the surgical indications for posttraumatic intradural lesions. Neurocirugia (Asturias) 2005; 16(2): 108–116.

Wang CW, Juan CJ, Liu YJ, et al. Volume-dependent overestimation of spontaneous intracerebral hematoma volume by the ABC/2 formula. Acta Radiologica 2009; 50(3): 306–311.

Kleinman JT, Hillis AE, Jordan LC. ABC/2: Estimating intracerebral haemorrhage volume and total brain volume, and predicting outcome in children. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 2011; 53(3): 281–284.

Hu TT, Yan L, Yan PF, et al. Assessment of the ABC/2 method of epidural hematoma volume measurement as compared to computer-assisted planimetric analysis. Biological Research for Nursing 2016; 18(1): 5–11.

Gebel JM, Sila CA, Sloan MA, et al. Comparison of the ABC/2 estimation technique to computer-assisted volumetric analysis of intraparenchymal and subdural hematomas complicating the GUSTO-1 trial. Stroke 1998; 29(9): 1799–1801.

Liao CC, Chen YF, Xiao F. Brain midline shift measurement and its automation: A review of techniques and algorithms. International Journal of Biomedical Imaging 2018; 4303161.

Escario JA, Quiñones JVM, Gallego ÁM, et al. Hernias encefálicas. Clasificación, neuropatología y problemas medicolegales (Spanish) [Brain hernias: Classification, neuropathology and medicolegal problems]. Revista Española de Medicina Legal 2015; 41(3): 91–102.

Hacking C. Midline shift [Internet]. Radiopaedia [cited 2019 Jul 12]. Available from: https://radiopaedia.org/articles/midline-shift.

Motuel J, Biette I, Srairi M, et al. Assessment of brain midline shift using sonography in neurosurgical ICU patients. Critical Care 2014; 18(6): 1–8.

Chiewvit P, Tritakarn S, Nanta-aree S, et al. Degree of midline shift from CT scan predicted outcome in patients with head injuries. Medical journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 2010; 93(1): 99–107.

Mavridis I. Gross and neurosurgical anatomy of the cerebellar tonsil. OA Anatomy 2014; 2(1): 8–13.

Luijkx T, Gaillard F. Chiari I malformation [Internet]. Radiopaedia. [cited 2019 Jun 2]. Available from: https://radiopaedia.org/articles/chiari-i-malformation.

Caballero PEJ, Marrero JAF. Cefalea orgasmica secundaria a malformacion de Chiari tipo 1 resuelta tras cirugia descompresiva (Spanish) [Orgasmic headache secondary to Chiari malformation type 1 resolved after decompressive surgery]. Revista de Neurología 2014; 59(1): 47–48.

Barkovich AJ, Wippold FJ, Sherman JL, et al. Significance of cerebellar tonsillar position on MR. American Journal of Neuroradiology 1986; 7(5): 795–799.

Furuya K, Sano K, Segawa H, et al. Symptomatic tonsillar ectopia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 1998; 64(2): 221–226.

Aparici F, Menor F, Matí-Bonmatí L, et al. Herniación amigdalina en la malformación de Chiari en la edad pediátrica: Observación y evolución en el tiempo (Spanish) [Tonsillar herniation in Chiari malformation in children: Observation and evolution over time]. Radiología 2001; 43(5): 243–248.

Mikulis DJ, Diaz O, Egglin TK, et al. Variance of the position of the cerebellar tonsils with age: Preliminary report. Radiology 1992; 183(3): 725–728.

de Moya EAF. Dementia and imaging: The basics. Radiología (English Edition) 2010; 52(1): 4–17.

Vargas López DA, Rodríguez Alvarez JC. Indice bicaudado, indice bifrontal e indice de Evans en tomografías cerebrales normales (Spanish) [Bicaudate index, bifrontal index and Evans index in normal brain tomography]. Revista Peruana de Radiología 2008; 12(26): 27–29.

Factora R, Luciano M. Normal pressure hydrocephalus: diagnosis and new approaches to treatment. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine 2006; 22(3): 645–657.

Fatterpekar GM, Dietrich A, Pantano P, et al. Cerebral peduncle angle: An objective criterion for assessing progressive supranuclear palsy Richardson syndrome. American Journal of Roentgenology 2015; 205(2): 386–391.

Warmuth-Metz M, Naumann M, Csoti I, et al. Measurement of the midbrain diameter on routine magnetic resonance imaging: a simple and accurate method of differentiating between Parkinson disease and progressive supranuclear palsy. Archives of Neurology 2001; 58(7): 1076–1079.

Patro S N, Glikstein R, Hanagandi P, et al. Role of neuroimaging in multidisciplinary approach towards non-Alzheimer’s dementia. Insights Into Imaging 2015; 6(5): 531–544.

SobrinoGuijarro B, Alcazar A, Ordóñez González A, et al. Revisión radiológica de las causas de proptosis ocular (Spanish) [Radiologic review of the causes of ocular proptosis] [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2019 Jun 15]. Available from: https://docplayer.es/28149083-Revision-radiologica-de-las-causas-de-proptosis-ocular.html#.

Nugent RA, Belkin RI, Neigel JM, et al. Graves orbitopathy: Correlation of CT and clinical findings. Radiology 1990; 177(3): 675–682.

Bell D, Hameed A. Proptosis [Internet]. Radiopaedia [cited 2019 Jun 12]. Available from: https://radiopaedia.org/articles/proptosis-1?lang=us.

Machado KFS, Garcia MM. Thyroid ophthalmopathy revisited. Radiologia Brasileira 2009; 42: 261–266.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/irr.v3i1.1726

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.