A novel PKHD1 mutation identified in a family affected by ARPKD Ling Hou, Yue Du, Chengguang Zhao, Yubin Wu

Ling Hou, Yue Du, Chengguang Zhao, Yubin Wu

Abstract


Objective Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare inherited renal cystic disease involving multiple organs. It is caused by mutations in the PKHD1 gene. Here, we investigate the gene mutations in a family affected by ARPKD. Methods Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes obtained from the subjects, by means of targeted gene capture and next generation sequencing technologies for mutation screening, and were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Results Two heterozygous mutations of PKHD1, c.6890T>C (p.Ile2297Thr) and c.11215C>T (p.Arg3739Trp), located in exons 43 and 62, respectively, were identified in the patient. Furthermore, the father and mother were revealed to be carriers of heterozygous c.6890T>C (p.Ile2297Thr) and c.11215C>T (p.Arg3739Trp) mutations, respectively. Mutation of c.11215C>T (p.Arg3739Trp) has been found in the ARPKD Mutation Database (http://www.humgen.rwth-aachen.de) but mutation of c.6890T>C (p.Ile2297Thr) has not been reported. Conclusions Compound heterozygous PKHD1 mutations were elucidated to be the molecular basis of ARPKD in this patient. The newly identified c.6890T>C (p.Ile2297Thr) mutation in the patient expands the mutation spectrum of the PKHD1 gene. Targeted gene capture and next generation sequencing are suitable for genetic diagnosis of single-gene inherited diseases like ARPKD, in which the pathogenic gene is large.


Keywords


Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease; PKHD1 gene; next generation sequencing

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jpedd.v2i1.177

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