Congenital agenesis of the lung: A case report and literature review

Rajesh Gupta, Anjali Gupta, Aradhana Singh


Developmental malformations of the lung are common but complete agenesis of the lung is quite rare and usually the patients presented are in early childhood; though according to literature, a few cases have come to light even in the adult age group. A 10-month-old male child presented with a sudden onset of respiratory distress with opacity of the right hemithorax on X-ray, raising suspicion of foreign body bronchus. Subsequent CT scans and bronchoscopy revealed agenesis of the right lung. Patient was managed conservatively and his parents were counseled about the anomaly. The child is doing well and is in a regular follow-up with us. Agenesis of the lung should be suspected in children with recurrent respiratory distress with opacity of the hemithorax on X-ray and herniation of the opposite lung across the mediastinum.


agenesis; lung; congenital; collapse; foreign body

Full Text:



Borja AR, Ransdell HT Jr, Villa S. Congenital develop-mental arrest of the lung. Ann ThoracSurg 1970; 10(4): 317–326. doi: 10.1016/S0003-4975(10)65608-1.

De Pozze, Brescia MA, Amermon EE, Sharma KK. Age-nesis of the left lung. Arch Pediatr 1960; 77: 485–490.

Muhamed KSN. Absence of left lung. Ind Med Gaz 1923; 58: 262–264.

Razaque MA, Singh S, Singh T. Pulmonary agenesis. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 1980; 22(3):174–178.

Oyamada A. Gasul BM, Holinger PH. Agenesis of the lung: Report of a case with review of all previously rec-orded cases. AMAAm J Dis Child 1953; 85(2):182–201. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.1953.02050070191007.

Kresch MJ, Markowitz RI, Smith GJW. Respiratory dis-tress and cyanosis in term newborn infant. J Pediatr 1988; 113(5): 937–943. doi: 10.1016/S0022-3476(88)80035-0.

Sbokos CB, McMillan IRK. Agenesis of the lung. Brit J Dis Chest 1977; 3: 183–197. doi: 10.1016/0007-0971(77)90109-7.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Rajesh Gupta, Anjali Gupta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.