A new Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line construction and housing wealth: Evidence from the Circle Line

Sing Tien Foo

Abstract


This study uses the opening of the new Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) in stages between 2010 and 2012 in Singapore as the exogenous event to empirically test the impact of the new Circle Line (CL) on housing wealth. Applying a “differences-in-differences” approach to the non-landed private housing transaction data covering the period from 2009 to 2013, we find that the average housing prices increase by 1.6% in the post-opening of the CL. We find significant capitalization of the new CL into housing prices, especially households living within a 400-meter radius (the treatment zone) from the closest MRT stations on the CL. The treatment effects that are measured by the “marginal
willingness to pay” for houses located within the treatment zone is 13.2% relative to houses located outside the treatment zone. The new CL opening creates an estimated S$1.23 billion housing wealth effects for households living in close proximity to the CL MRT stations. However, we do not find significant “anticipative” effects on house prices in the six-month window prior to the opening of CL. The strongest treatment effect is found after the opening of the phase 1 of CL, and the treatment intensity declines in phases 2 and 3 of the CL opening.


Keywords


Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line; difference-in-differences approach; treatment effects; marginal willingness-to-pay; housing wealth

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24294/jipd.v1i1.22

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